Authors:Hua Xiao, Chi Chung Wong, and G. K. Reeves
This paper describes the thermal modelling results for a thin film resistor array which can have applications in infrared scene projection. In this design, the array consists of two parallel rows of resistor elements. A central aluminium busbar which forms a common electrical connection for all resistor elements, also provides thermal isolation between the two rows through thermal connection to the array substrate. It is shown that the thickness of the aluminium busbar of the order of 2 μm is sufficient to provide good thermal isolation, thus allowing an increase in the pixel fill factor.
Authors:L. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Wang, Z. Fang, and G. Qiu
The principle for the electro-generative simultaneous leaching (EGSL) is applied to simultaneous leaching of pyrite-MnO2 in this paper. A galvanic system for the bio-electro-generative simultaneous leaching (BEGSL) has been set up. The equation
of electric quantity vs. time is used to study the effect of produced sulfur on electro-generative efficiency and quantity. It has been shown that
the resistance decreased in the presence of Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans (A. thiooxidans) with the increase of electro-generative efficiency. The effects of temperature and grain size on rate of ferrous extraction
from pyrite under the conditions of presence and absence of A. thiooxidans were studied, respectively. The changes in the extraction rate of Fe2+ as particle size in presence of A. thiooxidans were more evident than that in the absence, which indicated that the extraction in bio-electro-generative leaching was affected
by particle size remarkably. Around the optimum culture temperature for A. thiooxidans, the bigger change in the conversion rate of Fe2+ was depending on temperature. The transferred charge in BEGSL including part of S0 to sulfate group in the presence of (A. thiooxidans) which is called as biologic electric quantity, and the ratio of biologic electric quantity reached to 58.10% in 72 h among
the all-transferred charge.
Authors:X. Zheng, Y. Yu, G. Xiao, Y. Xu, J. Wu, D. Tang, Y. Cheng, and Y. Zhang
Changes in microbial population, pH, sugar, organic acid, anthocyanins, total soluble phenolics, and anti-glucosidase contents were measured during fermentation of mulberry juice at 30 °C by probiotic Leuconostoc mesenteroides showing rapid growth after an approximately 1-day lag phase and reaching a maximum of 8.6 log CFU ml−1 after 4 d. During the rapid growth phase, the main mulberry juice sugars, glucose and fructose, were largely consumed, and the acidic metabolites, lactic acid and acetic acid, were produced accordingly. A slow decrease in the concentration of the main organic acid, citric acid, was also observed during fermentation. After 4 d fermentation, anthocyanin content showed a 44.4% reduction, but the total amount of soluble phenolics and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity showed no significant changes (P>0.05). This suggests that L. mesenteroides fermentation of mulberry juice is a good strategy to enhance its probiotic value and to decrease the sugar content without changing the anti-glucosidase activity, which is required to reduce postprandial rise in blood glucose.
Authors:Y. Xu-Wu, Z. Hang-Guo, S. Wu-Juan, W. Xiao-Yan, and G. Sheng-Li
The copper(II) complex of 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BAP) has been prepared with dihydrated cupric chloride and 6-benzylaminopurine.
Infrared spectrum and thermal stabilities of the solid complex have been discussed. The constant-volume combustion energy,
ΔcU, has been determined as −12566.92±6.44 kJ mol−1 by a precise rotating-bomb calorimeter at 298.15 K. From the results and other auxiliary quantities, the standard molar enthalpy
of combustion, ΔcHmθ, and the standard molar of formation of the complex, ΔfHmθ, were calculated as −12558.24±6.44 and −842.50±6.47 kJ mol−1, respectively.
Authors:F.-Y. Du, X.-H. Xiao, P.-P. Xu, and G.-K. Li
An efficient ionic liquid-based microwave-assisted (IL-MAE) method has been developed for extraction of dehydrocavidine from Corydalis saxicola Bunting (C. saxicola) for subsequent rapid analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The yield of dehydrocavidine reached 9.446 mg g−1 within 10 min under the optimum IL-MAE conditions (1.5 mol L−1 [hmim]Br as extraction solvent, liquid-to-solid ratio 20:1 (mL:g), and extraction temperature 70°C). Compared with conventional procedures, the proposed IL-MAE method has many advantages, for example high extraction yield, short extraction time, low solvent consumption, no use of volatile organic solvents, and no further sample clean-up before HPLC analysis. The method was validated for limit of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ), linearity, precision, recovery, and reproducibility. The calibration range was 5.0–200 mg L−1 and the correlation coefficient, r, was 0.9996. The LOD and LOQ were 0.035 and 0.12 mg L−1, respectively. The relative standard deviations of intra-day and inter-day assays were below 2.6% and 6.5%, respectively. Recovery was between 93.8% and 109.3% with RSD values below 5.0%. The method can be used for rapid and effective extraction and analysis of active components from medicinal plants.
Authors:J. Li, W. Dai, G. Xiao, H. Wang, Z. Zhang, and T. Wu
99Tc is an important radionuclides related to repository safety assessment. The mobility pertechnetate (TcO4−) can be reduced to immobility technetium(IV) hydrous oxides (TcO2·nH2O) by Fe(II)-bearing minerals. In China, Gaomiaozi (GMZ) bentonite is regarded as the favorable candidate backfilling material
for the HLW repository, which is contained some FeO. The diffusion behavior of 99Tc was investigated in GMZ bentonite by through- and out-diffusion methods. The effective diffusion coefficient (De), the accessible porosity (εacc), apparent diffusion coefficient (Da) and distribution coefficient (Kd) were decreased with the increasing of dry density. The De values were (2.8 ± 0.2) × 10−11 m2/s and (3.5 ± 0.2) × 10−12 m2/s at dry density of 1,600 and 1,800 kg/m3, respectively. It was indicated that the dominating species was TcO4− during the diffusion processing. While, out-diffusion results showed that part of TcO4− may be reduced by Fe(II). The relationship of De and εacc could be described by Archie’s law with exponent n = 2.4 for 99Tc diffusion in GMZ bentonite. Furthermore, the relationship between Da and dry density (ρ) was exponential.
Authors:T. Wu, W. Dai, G. Xiao, F. Shu, J. Yao, and J. Li
With the low permeability and high swelling property, Gaomiaozi (GMZ) bentonite is regarded as the favorable candidate backfilling
material for a potential repository. The diffusion behaviors of HTO in GMZ bentonite were studied to obtain effective diffusion
coefficient (De) and accessible porosity (ε) by through- and out-diffusion experiments. A computer code named Fitting for diffusion coefficient
(FDP) was used for the experimental data processing and theoretical modeling. The De and ε values were (5.2–11.2) × 10−11 m2/s and 0.35–0.50 at dry density from 1,800 to 2,000 kg/m3, respectively. The De values at 1,800 kg/m3 was a little higher than that of at 2,000 kg/m3, whereas the De value at 1,600 kg/m3 was significantly higher (approximately twice) than that of at 1,800 and 2,000 kg/m3. It may be explained that the diffusion of HTO mainly occurred in the interlayer space for the highly compacted clay (dry
density exceeding 1,300 kg/m3). 1,800 and 2,000 kg/m3 probably had similar interlayer space, whereas 1,600 kg/m3 had more. Both De and ε values decreased with increasing dry density. For compacted bentonite, the relationship of De and ε could be described by Archie’s law with exponent n = 4.5 ± 1.0.
Authors:S. Wang, L. Xiao, Y. Li, Z. Fang, G. Qiu, and J. Li
A dual cell system was used to study the electrogenerative leaching sphalerite-MnO2 under the conditions of presence and absence of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (A. ferrooxidans). The polarization of anode and cathode, and the relationship between the electric quantity (Q) and some factors, such as the dissolved Zn2+, Fe2+, the time in the bio-electro-generating simultaneous leaching (BEGSL) and electro-generating simultaneous leaching (EGSL),
The results show that the dissolved Zn2+ in the presence of A. ferrooxidans is nearly 60% higher than that in the absence of A. ferrooxidans; the electrogenerative quantity in the former is about 134% more than that in the latter. A three-electrode system was applied
to study anodic and cathodic self-corrosion current, which was inappreciable compared with the galvanic current between sphalerite
and MnO2. The accumulated sulfur on the surface of sulfides produced in the electrogenerative leaching process could be oxidized in
the presence of A. ferrooxidans, and the ratio of biological electric quantity reached to 31.72% in 72 h.
Authors:J. Zhao, L. Zhong, L. Zou, C. Zhang, L. Peng, W. Xiao, and G. Zhao
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of endophytic fungi from tartary buckwheat on the host sprout growth and functional metabolite production. Without obvious changes in the appearance of the sprouts, the exogenous fungal mycelia elicitors notably stimulated the sprout growth and rutin accumulation, and the stimulation effect was mainly depended on the mycelia elicitor species along with its treatment dose. Three endophytic fungi Fat6 (Bionectria pityrodes), Fat9 (Fusarium oxysporum) and Fat15 (Alternaria sp.) were screened to be the most effective candidates for promoting F. tataricum sprout growth and rutin production. With application of polysaccharide (PS, 150 mg/l) of endophyte Fat6, PS (200 mg/l) of endophyte Fat9, and PS (150 mg/l) of endophyte Fat15, the rutin yield was effectively increased to 47.89 mg/(100 sprouts), 45.85 mg/(100 sprouts) and 46.83 mg/(100 sprouts), respectively. That was about 1.5- to 1.6-fold compared to the control culture of 29.37 mg/(100 sprouts). Furthermore, the present study revealed that the biosynthesis of the functional flavonoid resulted from the stimulation of the phenylpropanoid pathway by mycelia polysaccharide treatments. Application of specific fungal elicitors could be an efficient strategy for improving the nutritional and functional quality of tartary buckwheat sprouts.
Authors:D. E. Re, V. Coetzee, D. Xiao, D. Buls, B. P. Tiddeman, L. G. Boothroyd, and D. I. Perrett
Experience-dependent changes in mate choice preferences may confer an evolutionary benefit by shifting preferences towards traits that are advantageous for specific environments. Previous studies have demonstrated that prolonged exposure to one type of face biases perceptions of subsequently viewed faces and exposure to one type of body biases perceptions of subsequently viewed bodies. We tested whether preferences in facial adiposity were affected by viewing heavy or light bodies. We first assessed facial adiposity preferences by asking Caucasian participants (n = 59) to transform three-dimensional female Caucasian faces along a body mass index (BMI) continuum until they reached optimal attractiveness. Participants then viewed heavy- or light-bodied two-dimensional images with the faces cropped out before repeating the face preference task. Male and female participants who viewed heavy bodies shifted preferences toward significantly higher facial adiposity, while those who viewed the light bodies showed no significant overall shift. These results provide evidence that adaptation to certain body types affects subsequent preferences for facial adiposity, and suggest that adaptation to one body domain may affect preferences in other body domains.