Authors:A. Moitinho, E. Ionashiro, G. de Souza, and F. Fertonani
Solid-state M-EDTA chelates, where M represents the divalent ions Mg(II), Ca(II), Sr(II) or Ba(II) and EDTA is ethylenediaminetetraacetate
anion, were synthesized. Thermogravimetry, derivative thermogravimetry (TG, DTG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)
and X-ray diffraction powder patterns have been used to characterize and to study the thermal behaviour of these chelates.
The results provided information concerning the stoichiometry, crystallinity, thermal stability and thermal decomposition.
Authors:R. Queiroz, Luiza Pires, Ruth de Souza, J. Zamian, A. de Souza, G. da Rocha Filho, and C. da Costa
Hydrotalcite was synthesised by co-precipitation method, calcined and characterized by XRD, BET, IR and TG/DTA/DTG analyses
and tested as solid base catalyst in the transesterification of soybean oil with methanol, achieving a methyl ester content
of 99.5%. The thermal decomposition of hydrotalcite calcined occurred in four mass loss steps at 28, 105, 203 and 400 °C.
The hydrotalcite was recovered and through a simple evaluation by TG/DTA/DTG techniques it was found that at 500 °C is the
temperature, where the organic matter should be eliminated from the catalyst. This study shows the importance of thermal analysis
in the evaluation of the recovery temperature of hydrotalcite.
Authors:I. Pastre, I. do Nascimento Oliveira, A. Moitinho, G. de Souza, E. Ionashiro, and F. Fertonani
The composite montmorillonite-8-hydroxyquinoline (Swy-1-8-HQ) was prepared by two different processes and studied by using
thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTG and DSC), as well as helpful techniques as fluorescence in the UV-visible region and X-ray
diffraction. The composites developed fluorescent appearance, however with quantum poor efficiency and they exhibited distinct
TG and DSC thermal behavior. The fluorescence data of spectra associated to the TG/DT curves allowed to suggest that the 8-HQ
was present in the composites in two different circumstances: 1 - intercalated in the interlayer spaces (Swy-1-8-HQ2), rigidly
associated to the substrate feasible as a monolayer with the aromatic rings parallel to the silica layer; and/or, 2 - adsorbed
on the surface (Swy-1-8-HQ1), either as a bilayer formation or tilting of the molecules to the silicate layer sheet. All results
confirmed above are in agreement with X-ray diffraction patterns, once the interlayer space increases when 8-HQ is incorporated.
The experimental results confirm the formation of the composites in agreement with the method used in the preparation.
Authors:K. Zutin, V. M. Nogueira, A. E. Mauro, G. R. de Souza, and S. I. Klein
The compounds [Fe(bda)(CO)2L] and [Fe(ch)(CO)2L], (bda=benzylideneacetone; ch=chalcone; L=CO, PPh3) were investigated by thermogravimetry and derivative thermogravimetry (TG and DTG). The fragmentation patterns suggest that the iron atom protects the enone fragment, so that the organic ligands break up with the loss of the pendant aromatic rings.
Authors:Rodrigo A. de Souza, Antonio E. Mauro, Adelino V. G. Netto, Gislaine A. da Cunha, and Eduardo T. de Almeida
Palladium(II) coordination compounds of general formula trans-[PdX2(isn)2], X = Cl− (1), N3− (2), SCN− (3), NCO− (4), isn = isonicotinamide; were synthesized and characterized in solid state by elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and simultaneous TG–DTA. TG experiments reveal that the compounds 1–4 undergo thermal decomposition in three or four stages, yielding Pd0 as final residue, according to calculus and identification by X-ray powder diffraction.
Authors:P. S. Epaminondas, K. L. G. V. Araújo, A. Lima de Souza, M. C. D. Silva, N. Queiroz, A. L. Souza, L. E. B. Soledade, I. M. G. Santos, and A. G. Souza
Chemical and thermal analyses of golden and brown flaxseeds were carried out for raw and toasted seeds aiming at evaluating their nutritional and thermo-oxidative properties. Moisture, lipids, protein, soluble carbohydrates, and ash contents were quantified. Concerning lipids and proteins, in average, no meaningful differences were observed for the two varieties, being also equivalent to the literature data. The golden variety had a lower amount of fibers and a higher amount of soluble carbohydrates than the brown variety. The techniques of thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry were applied for elucidating the thermal degradation process of the seeds. The toasted gold and brown seeds were more stable to thermal decomposition than the raw seeds, under oxidative conditions. Golden seeds seem to be more susceptible to oxidation than brown seeds, under toasting conditions. Finally, no meaningful advantages were observed for the golden seeds in comparison to the brown ones.
Authors:Hiléia K. S. Souza, V. R. da Silveira, F. M. M. Borges, Dulce M. A. Melo, H. Scatena Jr., O. A. de Oliveira, and A. G. Souza
Thermal behavior of rare earth nitrate complexes with 2-azacyclononanone (AZA) with Ln(NO3)3·3(AZA) composition (where Ln=Gd, Er and Ho) was analyzed in kinetic point of view. Kinetic parameters were calculated from thermogravimetric data. All obtained results were similar. The first decomposition step was representative to the loss of ligand and the residue was essentially Ln2O3. Furthermore, a reaction path was proposed for the thermal decomposition of the Ln(NO3)3·3(AZA).
Authors:M. L. S. De Melo, N. A. Santos, R. Rosenhaim, A. G. Souza, and P. F. Athayde Filho
Biodiesel has the advantage of being renewable and clean and for these reasons has been studied recently both academically and in industry. Research in this area is focused on developing new synthetic routes to obtain a purer product or to find new alternative sources of food to replace conventional oils. Papaya biodiesel is obtained from oily residues with a fatty acid composition similar to olive oil. It is generally discarded by the ton, considering that Brazil is the world’s largest producer of papaya with an annual output of 1,811 million tons, productivity of 52 t/hectare and domestic consumption at 86.5%. This study was designed by means of thermal analysis (TG, DSC, P-DSC, and MT-DSC), to verify the possibility of achieving high quality biodiesel, with oxidative stability and flow properties previously indicated by composition analysis of its fatty esters, physical–chemical properties (including oxidative stability) using classical methodology, recommended by ASTM D 6756.
Authors:D. Melo, G. Vicentini, L. Zinner, K. Zinner, H. de Souza, M. Batista, A. Garrido Pedrosa, and R. Bezerra
Complexes of neodymium and europium with amides and aminoxides were synthesized and characterized by complexometric analyses
with EDTA, CHN microanalytical procedures, IR absorption spectra, absorption spectra of neodymium complexes, emission spectrum
of europium compounds at 77 K, thermogravimetric analyses in N2 and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) in N2. Infrared
spectroscopy results revealed that the nitrate molecules are bound to the central ions as bidentate. Thermogravimetric plots
indicated that the decomposition of the complexes occurs in the range 363-1163 K and resulted in the formation of Ln2O3 residues.