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  • Author or Editor: Gabor Szepesi x
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Chemical industry has a high demand for ethylene quantity, especially with high quality. This paper discusses dynamic simulation models of an ethaneethylene high-pressure cryogenic rectification column with Unisim Design process simulator software. Distillation is one of the most essential technologies in chemical industry, it is important that the operation of the procedure can be modeled not only in steady-state mode but also in a dynamic way. The goal during this study is to make simulations with system-controlling and to investigate the effect the disturbance on the behavior of the columns.

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In the relevant literature there are many types of heat engines. One of those is the group of the so called hot air engines. This paper introduces their world, also introduces the new kind of machine that was developed and built at Department of Chemical Machinery, Institute of Energy and Chemical Machinery, University of Miskolc. Emphasizing the novelty of construction and the working principle are explained. Also the mathematical model of this new engine was prepared and compared to the real model of engine.

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The aim of the paper is to fulfill the parametric analysis on the heating performance of a compact automotive radiator using computational fluid dynamics. The analysis has been carried out at different air velocities with different fins modeling as real fins and as porous media. SC-Tetra computational fluid dynamics software was used for this study. The fluids are incompressible; the flow was three-dimensional and turbulent. The geometry of the fins has a high impact to the heat transfer coefficient and the heat performance, so the shape, the size and the thickness of the fins are compared to each other. The results show that the ratio of the fin pitch, the wall thickness of the fins, the number of the fins, the flow depth and the geometry of the tube are the main factors of the heat transfer. The main goal is to find a dependable Nu-number correlation for this type of heat exchanger. Furthermore with the usage of this function the goal is to find the optimal shape of the radiator, which can decrease the temperature of the cooling liquid to the necessary value and has the smallest weight.

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This paper deal with the overall heat transfer process and confrontation of experimental measurements and their numerical solutions on simplified model, inside the horizontal scraped surface heat exchanger. The experimental measurements were done on two horizontal scraped surface heat exchangers connected in series. As a product was thermally treated water, heated by vapor in the first stage and cooled by cold water in the second stage. Applied mass flow of the product: m=250, 500, 750, 1000 kgh−1 and rotary velocity of the shaft, scraper blades: rpm=20, 30, (45), 60, 90 min−1. For numerical analyses the simplified model was used, with taking only the area between the heat transfer tube, and the shaft with an aim to compare the result to experimental measurements and validate the obtained overall heat exchange, as justify the simplification. As a results from experimental measurements were obtained the correlations for Nusselt number in a form of Nu=f(Re,Pr,ηf/ηw). Based on the confrontation of results, it can be stated that the level of simplification used at numerical solutions, gives still an acceptable accuracy of overall heat transfer values. From numerical simulations were obtained further results as the velocity, temperature fields, which were used to make certain adaptation on proposed construction and their examination by additional numerical simulations. All these acquired results lead to better understanding the overall process inside the horizontal scraped surface heat exchangers and the proposed construction of mutators can increase the efficiency of heat transfer process for many products in a real processing.

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