Human beings live in a complex and magical system of nature. The constitution of everything is like the structure science of architecture, which presents various forms and combinations. The development of structure science makes modern architecture show the high unity of internal structure and external contour. Through the study of branch networks formed by rivers, the mystery of branch growth can be found, for instance fractal self-similarity, preferential growth at the tops, avoidance of homogeneity, etc. Based on the understanding of branch ecosystem, everyone can try to build a sustainable surface structure by mimicking the laws of river network.
Since 1947, apartment buildings have made their apparition in the Kosovar city landscape. Different aspects have been highlighted by this extensive research: the different types of architecture and their respective characteristics, the modifications made to them throughout the years and the factors, which contributed to these modifications. These buildings have been divided into two categories, the older buildings built by the public sector from 1947 until 1999 and the recent ones built from 1999 until the present time by the private sector.
Analytical and comparative methods have been used to conduct this research. The results revealed that the living area in apartment buildings built after 1999 has been reduced compared to those built earlier, which implies a general trend of decrease of habitable living space. In addition to this, a change worth mentioning in the functionality of these apartment buildings has been noticed. A survey sent to Kosovar citizens was used in order to obtain their opinions on this subject.
Authors:Danilo Ravina, Rowell Ray Shih and Gabriella Medvegy
This study helps alleviate the homelessness problem through the union of design and social entrepreneurship projects. The proposed design exploratory project combines a vending cart and a portable home for the homeless for the Philippines. Additionally, by using local materials and manpower, the resulting project becomes both portable and affordable for the beneficiaries. This exploratory design project is a social entrepreneurship project in collaboration with the School of Architecture and Fine Arts and the School of Business and Economics of the University of San Carlos (Cebu, Philippines).
Authors:Jie Wang, Gabriella Medvegy and Cheng Feng Zhang
As a kind of creative social activities of human beings, designing has the typical symbolic characteristics. The application of semiotics in interior design can make a useful attempt for the practice (practical application of design semiotics). This article breaks through the traditional perspective of the interior design research, abstracts the interior design into the symbol system, and uses semiotics techniques and theories to explore the interior design methods, initially establishes the category of the interior design symbol system.
Authors:Mimoza Sylejmani, Gabriella Medvegy and Lulzim Beqiri
The paper deals with the analysis of the fortified dwellings - Kulla, which were constructed in Kosovo since XVIII–XIX century. As a case study, one took the Kulla, which were constructed in the Plain of Dukagjin. These types of dwellings were not constructed solely in Kosovo, but also in other countries of the region, that is: Northern Albania, Macedonia, and Montenegro. In Kosovo, the major parts of these buildings were constructed in the Plain of Dukagjin. Usually these buildings were constructed in two and three floors.
Characteristic feature of these buildings is the division of functions in vertical direction.
The research is based on the literature, analysis of the buildings, the research that was done up to now, including the interviewing of the persons-owners of the Kullas.
The aim was to get an understanding on the purpose of constructing the Kulla in vertical manner.
Kulla was analyzed in functional, architectural, constructive and condition aspect, which it offers to its inhabitants. There are a lot of factors that influenced on the construction of these buildings, one of them being the climate. Kosovo is characterized by a harsh climate during cold season of the year, which influenced on the relatively low height of the floors. Another feature is limited lighting in the ground floor, which increases steadily going further up to the last floor, as well as through the embrasures used for fire arms.
Authors:Danilo V. Ravina, Rowell Ray Lim Shih and Gabriella Medvegy
This study exhibits the use of participatory design in the development of a community housing project for the twelve family members of the Donnaville Homeowners Association in Barangay 177, Caloocan City, Philippines. All families have been living as informal settlers of which portions of it were considered unsafe due to recurrent flooding during heavy rains. The housing project study was part of a workshop initiated by members of the Community Architecture Network. In order to achieve this methodology, the community architects arranged workshops between members of the families. The members were divided into teams that worked separately and then collectively identify strategies in improving the design and layout of the housing unit according to the needs of each family. The teams identified various interventions in order to effectively reduce the cost of each new unit. Finally, through comprehensive discussions and exchanges between the members, the resulting layout and schematic design of the housing unit were achieved that was desirable to the families. By using participatory design in the development of a project, in this case, a community housing unit, user acceptance is therefore increased and rejection is reduced by the stakeholders.