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Abstract

The yurt is one of the ancient living units for the nomadic cultural country. The yurt is a nomadic vernacular architecture, which has been developed for 3000 years. There are 31 counties using the yurt, out of which 13 of them use their traditional yurt around the world. Basically, the yurt was used as residential housings and today, also to some extent, for commercial and touristic purposes under different climates. Analyzing existing literature, as well as scientific publications it is apparent that besides architectural and structural topics, there is no existing investigation or published paper about building physics analysis of these buildings. Current research aims to create a database about energy and climate comfort qualities of traditional yurts using dynamic calculation tools. As a result, to intend to learn from the traditional yurt technology and to develop a completely new and modern building prototype based on the yurt-experiments in next step of research. Firstly, finding optimal solutions for a contemporary yurt-building' should be applied under Mongolian climate conditions, since this form of housing is still used in this country, and, in addition, the comfort and energy performance of the yurts were surprisingly satisfactory under extreme weather conditions, by temperature differences between summer and winter of approx. 80 K.

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Gantumur Tsovoodavaa
,
Rowell Ray Lim Shih
,
Mohammad Reza Ganjali Bonjar
, and
István Kistelegdi

Over the course of human history, vernacular architecture has developed according to the climate, culture, geographical conditions and lifestyle. One of the fascinating designs from around the world that have survived over the years is the yurt. Although it has developed over thousands of years, the basic round form of the yurt remains unchanged. Nomadic people have traditionally utilized the yurt because due to its portability, lightness and can be erected easily. This unique architectural structure allowed the nomadic tribes to live and thrive in the harsh Central Asian climate. In this study, the history, design, and construction of the traditional yurt are reviewed and also proofed whether literature about the building physics performance of the yurt still exists.

Restricted access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Chu Xiaohui
,
Ganjali Bonjar Mohammad Reza
,
Gantumur Tsovoodavaa
,
Rowell Ray Lim Shih
, and
Balint Baranyai

Along with its rapid growth in economy, the protection of heritage buildings has recently gained importance and awareness in China. This paper investigates the energy performance of a heritage building (Wang’s House) in Shanghai, as well as the thermal comfort of the users, using dynamic thermal simulations. The analysis showed that heating accounts as the highest energy demand, followed by cooling and lighting. The resulting study will help the authors to identify various sustainable strategies to improve users comfort as well as reduce the energy demand of heritage buildings in China.

Open access