Different approaches of product life-cycle management will be demonstrated to show that unlike several engineering paradigms it is easy to understand, however difficult to implement and to follow. This can be accepted as a common philosophy of product development and production. At the same time product life-cycle management is a software framework, or a kind of guideline to approach digital manufacturing, which is the highest level of recently known and applied ways of manufacturing automation. The paper will show some components of manufacturing automation and their relation to the life-cycle view.
Authors:George Kovács, Nafissa Yussupova and Dmitry Rizvanov
The resource management in a dynamic environment is a really complex problem. If semantic constraints are taken into account the complexity increases significantly. The problem definition of resource management using semantic constraints in the subject domain is demonstrated by means of an example of manufacturing scheduling. The application of multiagent approach is suggested and examined to solve the resource management problem. Experiments simulate two types of calculations of the resource allocation problem in manufacturing scheduling: the multi-agent approach and the sequential calculations. The experiments have demonstrated the effectiveness of multi-agent approach to solve the above defined problem.
Authors:Ivan M. Berezin, Alexandre A. Petunin, Dimtrij I. Kryuchkov and George L. Kovács
A specific process of manufacturing of vessel shell tabs, namely the method of cold stamping is studied in this paper. Recommendations are proposed to gain the proper technology of manufacturing spherical vessels with a volume above 600 cubic meters with regard to labor saving of tabs stamping on hydraulic press. The necessity of having proper technology of stamping is motivated by the large quantity of manual operations, having a direct influence on the conversion costs of a spherical vessel as a whole. The importance of this research is connected with the necessity of multiple shape control of tabs being manufactured during stamping and time-consuming point-by-point shaping-up. The reduction of material costs is supported by using finite-element simulation. Problems are solved with specific modules of the computer aided engineering-system ABAQUS. The results of some finite-element simulations are described. The analysis of stress-strain state at each step of the application of loads is performed.
Authors:Dmitry V. Kurennov, Evgenii I. Katz and George L. Kovács
A new approach to the construction of a volume swept by the cutting tool is proposed for modeling 5-axis computer numerical control milling. A tool is considered to take the form of an arbitrary body of revolution. The main difference of the proposed approach is to provide the possibility of direct construction of the bulk synchronous parallel-dexel model, which, in turn, provides an effective modeling of the cutting process. Thus, it was possible to expand the scope of the given model by including the possibility to simulate arbitrary 5-axis computer numerical control programs. To confirm the correctness of the proposed approach, a program implementation of the corresponding algorithms has been performed. Examples of modeling of 5-axis milling processing of real parts and data on time costs for the suggested modeling are given. The high efficiency of the proposed approach is proven by the results of the experiments.
Authors:George Kovács, Nafissa Yusupova, Olga Smetanina and Ekaterina Rassadnikova
In this paper methods and algorithms are examined for solving one important problem of transport logistics, namely formation of roadmap. The proposed mathematical model is based on the well-known multi-depot heterogeneous vehicle routing problem with time windows algorithm. Modifications of the model provide additional conditions and restrictions. Algorithmic support of information transport system in an enterprise is connected with features of the vehicle routing problem. The suggested solution is based on modified Clarke and Wright Algorithm and Variable Neighborhood Search. The risk on the roads and the cost of toll roads are calculated, too.