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  • Author or Editor: H. Aglan x
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Abstract  

The adsorption behaviour of La/Ce system on Dowex 50W-X8 in different media, namely, nitric acid, acetate buffer and citrate buffer was studied as a function of the concentration of nitric acid and buffer pH. In addition, in cation-exchange column chromatography experiments, three different eluants, namely, citrate buffer of pH 5.5, 0.1 M EDTA and 0.2 M α-HIBA, were employed for separation of Ce(III) from La(III). The optimum conditions for improvement of radiochemical separation of no-carrier-added 139Ce from proton irradiated lanthanum were applied using the most suitable chelating agent 0.2 M α-HIBA. The purification of 139Ce from macro amount of La(III) was done using two columns in a sequence. The target was prepared by pressing. The production of high radionuclidic and chemical purity 139Ce via irradiation of lanthanum oxide target at MGC-20 cyclotron of proton energy 14.5 MeV was described. The experimental yield was found to be 200 kBq/μA h.

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Abstract  

The radiochemical separation of no-carrier-added cerium from proton irradiated lanthanum was studied by solvent extraction using DEE, TBP and TPPO, the latter reagent being employed for the first time for separation of radiocerium from bulk of lanthanum. Distribution coefficients of cerium and lanthanum were investigated as a function of equilibrium time and concentration of HNO3. A mixture of 0.05M K2Cr2O7 and 0.1M H2SO4 was used as an oxidizing agent to improve the separation efficiency of cerium. A comparative study of the three extractants released that DEE is the best for separation of cerium from bulk of lanthanum oxide. The target was prepared by pressing. The production of 139Ce of high radionuclidic purity and chemical purity via irradiation of lanthanum oxide target at MGC-20 cyclotron with protons of energy 14.5 MeV is described. The experimental yield was found to be 153 kBq/μA·h.

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