An improved accurate coincidence correction formula has been deduced on the basis of Cox's theory considering the complex situations of differences in pulse shaping width as well as a relative delay existing between the two channels. The correctness has been examined by experiments.
Authors:M. Dong, J. Huang, H. Du, J. Li, S. Du, A. Luo, Y. Jiang, and C. Zhang
By substututing99Mo for the Mo in the reconstituted MoFe protein, the nuclear quadrupole interactions (NQI) of99Mo have been measured using the perturbed angular correlations (PAC). Two well-defined electric quadrupole interaction parameters have been observed. The configuration of the M-Center of the MoFe protein is identified by the quadrupole couplign constant
Q1(412(9)MHz) and the asymmetry parameter
1(0.49(5)). Other parameters, VQ2(1939(13)MHz) and
1(0.90(1)), may correspond to a deformation M—Center of MoFe protein.
57Co was produced with high pure nature iron irradiated by 8.5MeV deuterons. TBP-benzene extraction method and anion-exchange method were used to separate and purify it. The purified57Co was prepared into standard solution of about 30 to 50 g Co2+/ml carrier concentration and about 0.1 mol/l HCl. The specific activity of the standard solution was measured with 4
(ppc)- coincidence counting method. The final result was 476.82(1±0.42%)Bq/mg.
Authors:H. Du, G. Li, G. Dong, K. Chiu, and C. Wai
This paper introduces a new type of extractant, sym-dibenzo-16-crown-5-oxyhydroxamic acid (HL). The extraction of UO
, Na+, K+, Sr2+, Ba2+ and Br– were studied with HL in chloroform. The results obtained show that UO
can be quantitatively extracted at pH above 5, whereas the extractions of K+, Na+, Ba2+ and Br– are negligible in the pH range of 2–7. The dependence of the distribution ratio of U(VI) on both the concentration of the HL and pH are linear, and they have the same slope of 2. This suggests that U(VI) appears to form a 12 complex with ligand.Uranium (VI) can be selectively separated and concentrated from interfering elements such Na, K, Sr and Br by solvent extraction with HL under specific conditions. The recovery of uranium is nearly 100% and the radionuclear purity of uranium is greater than 99.99%. Therefore, it has greatly improved the sensitivity and accuracy for the detection of trace uranium from seawater by neutron activation analysis.
Authors:S. Du, G. Zhang, H. Li, P. Wang, and X. Wang
The free-radical bulk polymerization of 2,2-dinitro-1-butyl-acrylate (DNBA) in the presence of 2,2′-azobisisobutyronitrile
(AIBN) as the initiator was investigated by DSC in the non-isothermal mode. Kissinger and Ozawa methods were applied to determine
the activation energy (Ea) and the reaction order of free-radical polymerization. The results showed that the temperature of exothermic polymerization
peaks increased with increasing the heating rate. The reaction order of non-isothermal polymerization of DNBA in the presence
of AIBN is approximately 1. The average activation energy (92.91±1.88 kJ mol −1) obtained was smaller slightly than the value of Ea=96.82 kJ mol−1 found with the Barrett method.
This work describes the induction, purification and partial biochemical characterizations of an antimicrobial protein from the housefly larvae induced by ultrasonic wave. It has been purified to apparent homogeneity by ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by Sephadex G-75, Bio-gel P6 gel filtration, and CM-Sepharose Fast Flow cation exchange chromatography. The protein is a cationic protein with an apparent molecular weight of 16315 Da determined by no-denaturing electrophoresis and SDS-PAGE, respectively. Biochemical profile assays show that this protein has good thermal stability, and repeatedly frozen and defrosted durability. The optimum pH for antimicrobial activity is around pH5. The antimicrobial range of the protein includes Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and some fungi. Results of the membrane permeability assays suggest that the probable mode of action of this protein is membrane-disrupting mechanism.
Authors:H. Bai, H. Jin, H. Fan, J. Du, F. Wang, D. Chen, and Zh. Cheng
The behavior of153Sm-EDTMP in vitro and vivo is analyzed by the size exclusion HPLC. The experimental results show that EDTMP amounts have an
obvious effect on the stability in vitro and uptake of153Sm-EDTMP in the liver. HPLC analysis of urine sample indicates that153Sm-EDTMP es excreted in the original form. The behavior in vivo of153Sm-EDTMP containing 4 μg is similar to that of153Sm-EDTMP containing 50 μg EDTMP at 1 h post-injection.
Authors:Z. Cheng, Q. Lin, X. Jin, F. Wang, H. Bai, D. Chen, H. Fan, and J. Du
DTPA-Octreotide(Pentetreotide), a somatostatin analogue which can bind specifically and with high affinity to somatostatin
receptor in vitro and vivo, labeled with99mTc by tin reduction in acetate buffer, has been characterized by Reverse-phase High performance Liquid Chromatography. The
effect of different solvents, mobile phase pH, linear gradient and the injected volume on the separation efficiency was evaluated.
The results show that the separation efficiency is best using μBondapak-C18 (300×3.9 mm2), linear gradient of 40% to 80% methanol (1.0 ml/min) in 0.05M acetate buffer (pH 5.5) over a 30 min period and maintaining
for another 10 min. The labeled product is a mixture which mainly consists of five components (a, b, c, d, e) successfully
proved by HPLC. Paper chromatography is also evaluated in this paper. It may be used to determine the radiochemical purity
of the labeling product, but is not a good choice for the verification each components.
This study investigated the community structure of ciliates in Gahai Alpine Wetland of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. We hypothesized that the ciliate community in the Plateau is more complex and the species diversity is richer than those in other climate zones of China. In particular, we studied how the ciliate species responded to environmental temperature, soil moisture content and the manner of pasture utilization. We determined key features of the ciliate communities such as trophic functional groups, ciliate seasonal distribution, species diversity and similarity index at six sample sites from January 2015 to October 2016. To count and characterize ciliates, we combined the non-flooded Petri dish method with in vivo observation and silver staining. We identified 162 ciliate species in this area, showing a high species and functional diversity. The mode of nutrition was diverse, with the lowest number of ciliates in group N (Nonselective omnivores, 4 species) and the highest number in group B (Bacterivores-detritivores, 118 species, corresponding to 73% of the total species number). Ciliate species richness was significantly positively correlated with environmental temperature and moisture and adversely related to the intensity of agricultural land use. Rotational grazing by livestock or suspended grazing might be useful for maintaining good soil quality, thereby favoring ciliate diversity. Our study may serve as a reference to evaluate the ecosystem status of the Gahai Alpine Wetland and other similar areas in future studies.
Authors:Y. Jing, Y. Hao, H. Qu, Y. Shan, D. Li, and R. Du
Chitosan was obtained from cuticles of the housefly
larvae. Antibacterial activities of different Mw chitosans were examined against six bacteria. Antibacterial mechanisms of chitosan were investigated by measuring permeability of bacterial cell membranes and observing integrity of bacterial cells. Results show that the antibacterial activity of chitosan decreased with increase in Mw. Chitosan showed higher antibacterial activity at low pH. Ca
could markedly reduce the antibacterial activity of chitosan. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of chitosans ranged from 0.03% ∼ 0.25% and varied with the type of bacteria and Mw of chitosan. Chitosan could cause leakage of cell contents of the bacteria and disrupt the cell wall.