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Thermal latent coordination compounds

The thermal degradation of imidazole and pyrazole adducts of metal acetates

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. Döring, W. Ludwig and H. Görls

Abstract  

The thermal behaviour of complexes of the type M(HIm)2ac2 (HIm=imidazole,ac=acetate,M=Co, Ni, Cu) is different. Comparable to the thermal degradation of Ni(acac)2(HIm)2 [10] the Ni(HIm)2ac2 loss acetic acid by formation of Ni(Im)2. All nitrogen ligands are splitt off from the copper complex by formation of stable basic copper acetate. The cobalt compound eliminated acetic acid partially while acetate and imidazolate bridging species are obtained. The thermal behaviour of the acetate complexes of pyrazole and the bulky 3,5-dimethylpyrazole is quite similar. In a first step pyrazoliumacetate is removed. The crystal structure of Ni(HPz)4ac2 is determined by X-ray diffraction: monocline, space group C 2/c. The water molecule represents the centre of two N−H...O−H...O-bridges. The system of H-bridges in the compound relieves the proton transfer, indicated by the elimination of pyrazolium acetate.

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Thermal latent coordination compounds

II. The thermal degradation of imidazole and pyrazole adducts of metal(II) picolinate and quinaldinate

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. Döring, J. Wuckelt, W. Ludwig and H. Görls

Abstract  

Complexes of the type M(Pa)2(HAz)2 and M(QA)2(HAz)2 (M=cobalt(II) and nickel(II); HPa=picolinic acid, HQa=quinaldic acid; HAz=azoles like imidazole (Him), pyrazole (HPz), benzimidazole (HBzIm) etc.) show a similar thermal behaviour. In the first step of decomposition the corresponding azolinium picolinates or quinaldinates (H2AzPa, H2AzQa) are split off with formation of polymeric mixed ligand complexes M(Pa)(Az) or M(Qa)(Az). X-ray analysis of Co(Qa)2(HBzIm)2 XIIIa illustrates a proton transfer and a subsequent thermal removal of benzimidazolinium quinaldinate (H2BzImQa): Hydrogen bridges from pyrrole nitrogen of the benzimidazole to the non-coordinated oxygen of the quinaldinate predetermine the thermal initiated proton transfer. The high volatility of the heterocyclic acids and the nitrogen coordination are responsible for the formation of the mixed ligand complex Co(Qa)(BzIm) XIVa. Exceptions are the complexes M(Pa)2(HPz)2 XIa-b and M(Qa)2(HIm)2 XVIIa-b. Pyrazole is eliminated from the complexes XIa-b with formation of the solvent-free inner complex M(Pa)2 XIIa-b. From compounds XVIIIa-b quinaldic acid or their decomposition products are split off and a high temperature modification of M(Im)2 XVIIIa-b is formed at elevated temperature. XVIIIa-b are decomposed to the cyanides M(CN)2 similarly to the thermal behaviour of Cu(Im). In the first step the thermal degradation of imidazole and pyrazole adducts of copper(II) picolinates and quinaldinates is characterized by the elimination of azoles. The reason for this thermal behaviour is the weaker coordination of the azole heterocycles in copper chelate compounds.

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