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Nineteen healthy volunteers were exposed to a standardized exercise test at sea level (SLa), at an altitude of 1700 m before (1700a) and after a moderate 10-day mountain training (1700b), with a final control four weeks later at sea level (SLb). Vital signs, blood lactate and arterial oxygen saturation were determined prior, during or after the exercise test. Whereas systolic blood pressure and heart rate at rest did not change substantially, diastolic blood pressure decreased at the final control (SLb, p<0.05) and oxygen saturation was significantly lower at 1700 m (1700a, 1700b, p<0.01). Lactate at rest increased from 1.16 (SLa) to 1.97 (1700a) mmol/l after acute exposure followed by a slight reduction after adaptation (p<0.05). The mean maximum lactate levels were as follows: 6.03, 10.56, 6.22 and 8.75 (p<0.01). The mean maximum performance increased during the study (225.6, 223.3, 231.6, 248.1 Watt, p<0.01). Lactate versus workload curves did not show a marked shift to the right. No significant changes of maximum heart rates during the exercise test were found. In conclusion, a sojourn at 1700 m provokes an increase of lactate levels with subsequent reduction after acclimatization and has a significant positive impact on the mean maximum performance after moderate mountain training.

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19-channel-EEGs were recorded from scalp surface of 30 healthy subjects (16m, 14f, mean age: 34 ys, SD: 11.7 ys) at rest and under IPS (Intermittent Photic Stimulation) at rates of 5, 10 and 20 Hertz (Hz). Digitalized data underwent spectral analysis with fast fourier transformation (FFT) yielding the basis for the computation of global field power (GFP). For quantification GFP values in the frequency ranges of 5, 10 and 20 Hz at rest were divided by the corresponding data gained under IPS. While ratios from PDE data showed no stable parameter due to high interindividual variability, ratios of alpha-power turned out to be uniform in all subjects: IPS at 20 Hz always led to a suppression of alpha-power. Dividing alpha-GFP at rest by alpha-GFP under 20-Hz IPS thus resulted in a ratio <1. We conclude that ratios from GFP data are a stable diagnostic paradigma.

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Abstract  

Correlated measurement of the lifetime and of the lineshape of the 511 keV annihilation radiation of positrons (age-momentum correlation, AMOC) has become a powerful tool for investigating reactions of positron or positronium in condensed matter as a function of time. The beam-based + AMOC method installed at the Stuttgart relativistic positron beam facility (E kin e+ 4MeV) offers substantial advantages over the conventional E coincidence technique resulting in a fast data taking due to the unity detection efficiency of the + scintillator which provides the start signal for the lifetime measurement. In this paper the application of AMOC to positronium chemistry is illustrated by the study of spin conversion of positronium in the system methanol/HTEMPO as a function of HTEMPO (4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl, a paramagnetic solute) concentration. The same technique can be applied to other systems and other reactions in positronium chemistry, e. g., oxidation or complex formation.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
J. Glatz
,
I. Garcia-Alonso
,
T. Kameyama
,
L. Koch
,
G. Pagliosa
,
T. Tsukada
, and
H. Yokoyama

Abstract  

In order to study the dissolution behavior of a highly burnt LWR fuel, a fuel pin irradiated in the DR3 test reactor in Risoe National Laboratory, has been characterized by microstructural examination and then dissolved under PUREX type conditions. The dissolution behavior was investigated and the residues analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and by ICP-MS and IDMS after dissolution.

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The pathogenesis of chicken infectious anaemia virus (CAV) infection was studied in 6-week-old and one-day-old SPF chickens inoculated intramuscularly with graded doses of Cux-1 strain (106−102 TCID50/chicken). Viraemia, virus shedding, development of virus neutralizing (VN) antibodies and CAV distribution in the thymus were studied by virus isolation, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), immunocytochemistry (IP) and in situ hybridization until postinfection day (PID) 28. In 6-week-old chickens infected with high doses of CAV, viraemia and VN antibodies could be detected 4 PID and onward without virus shedding or contact transmission to sentinel birds. However, virus shedding and contact transmission were demonstrated in one-day-old infected chickens. In the 6-weekold groups infected with lower doses, VN antibodies developed by PID 14, transient viraemia and virus shedding were detected. The thymus cortex of all 1-dayold inoculated chickens stained with VP3-specific mAb. Cells with positive in situ hybridization signal were fewer and scattered throughout the thymus tissue of the one-day-old inoculated chickens as compared to IP-positive cells. These results suggest that early immune response induced by high doses of CAV in 6-week-old chickens curtails viral replication and prevents virus shedding.

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