The present study was performed to examine the effects of garlic on obesity and blood lipid profiles in high-fat induced obesity mice model, and to elucidate the molecular mechanisms responsible for such effect. C57BL/6 mice were fed a standard diet (STD) or high-fat diet (HFD) for 5 weeks to induce obesity. Mice were then randomly divided into four groups with 10 mice per group, and fed experimental diet for 4 weeks; STD group, HFD group, HFD containing 2% or 4% garlic group (HFD + G2 or HFD + G4, respectively). Administration of garlic significantly reduced HFD-induced body weight, epididymal fat accumulation, hyperlipidemia and hypercholesterolemia. Consequently, the atherogenic indexes were reduced by 83% and 91%, respectively, in 2% and 4% garlic supplemented group. Liver steatosis induced by HFD was ameliorated by garlic supplementation. Furthermore, garlic affected the down regulation of expression patterns of epididymal adipose tissue genes such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC), adipose specific fatty acid binding protein (aP2), and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH). These results suggest that garlic may have a potential benefit in preventing obesity.
The purpose of this study was to conduct a thermal analysis of the hydrolysis and degradation behavior of biodegradable polymers
and bio-composites at 50°C and 90% relative humidity (RH). With increasing hydrolysis time, the thermal stability and degradation
temperature of polybutylene succinate (PBS) slightly decreased. The glass transition temperature (Tg) and melting temperature (Tm) of PBS and the anti-hydrolysis agent treated PBS did not vary significantly with increasing hydrolysis time, whereas those
of the trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA)-treated PBS slightly increased. With increasing hydrolysis time, the storage
modulus (E’) values of the bio-composites decreased, whereas those of the TMPTA treated bio-composites slightly increased. Also, the
tan values of the anti-hydrolysis agent and TMPTA treated PBS-BF bio-composites were slightly lower than those of the non-treated
bio-composites, due to the reduction in their degree of hydrolysis. The tanδmax peak temperature (Tg) of the anti-hydrolysis agent treated bio-composites was not significantly changed, whereas that of the TMPTA treated bio-composites
We prove a reduction theorem of codimension for real submanifolds of quaternionic hyperbolic spaces as a quaternionic analogue
corresponding to those in Cecil , Erbacher , Kawamoto , Kwon and the second author  and Okumura .
The monostandard method with the use of Ge(Li) γ-spectrometry has been elaborated with a critical evaluation of the nuclear
data involved in activation and activity measurement. The method was tested by analysing simultaneously 15 elements in a well
known standard material of Kale powder and 12 elements in NBS standard glass samples. The results are compared with the reported
data to prove the accuracy of the monostandard method.
Let M be the closed, simply connected, 4-manifold with nonnegative sectional curvature, called a nonnegatively curved 4-manifold, with an effective and isometric Zm-action for a positive integer m ≧ 617. Assume that Zm acts trivially on the homology of M. The goal of this short paper is to prove that if the fixed point set of any nontrivial element of Zm has at most one two-dimensional component, then M is homeomorphic to S4, #il=1S2 × S2, l = 1, 2, or #jk = 1 ± CP2, k = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. The main strategy of this paper is to give an upper bound of the Euler characteristic χ(M) under the homological assumption of a Zm-action as above by using the Lefschetz fixed point formula.
Authors:D. Kim, J. Kim, J. Jeon, H. Kim, and N. Lee
The novel NDOE (1,12,15-triaza-3,4:9,10-dibenzo-5,8-dioxacycloheptadecane) ion exchange resin was prepared. The ion exchange
capacity of NDOE azacrown ion exchanger was 0.2 meq/g dry resin. A study on the separation of lithium isotopes was carried
out with NDOE novel azacrown ion exchange resin. The lighter isotope,6Li concentrated in the solution phase, while the heavier isotope,7Li is enriched in the resin phase. By column chromatography (0.1 cm I.D.×32 cm height) using 2.0M NH4Cl as an eluent, a separation factor,a=1.0201 was obtained.
Authors:H. Yang, Y. Cho, H. Eun, E. Kim, and I. Kim
Kinetics of a thermal dechlorination and oxidation of gadolinium oxychloride (GdOCl) originating from a molten salt process
was investigated under various oxygen partial pressures by using a non-isothermal thermogravimetric (TG) analysis. The results
of isoconversional analysis of the TG data suggests that the dechlorination and oxidation of GdOCl follows a single step reaction
and the observed activation energy was determined as 137.7�4.1 kJ mol−1. The kinetic rate equation was derived for a conversion of the GdOCl with a linear-contacting boundary reaction model. The
power dependency for oxygen and the pre-exponential factor was determined as 0.306 and 1.012 s−1 Pa−0.306, respectively.
Authors:Y. Shin, H. Kim, I. Kim, H. Shin, and S. Ro
In order to obtain the exact information of atomic number density in UO2(NO3)2 · 6H2O–HNO3–H2O ternary mixture, the theoretical estimation of excess volume which is one of excess properties of non-ideal solution is discussed in this study. The calculation model based on the Stokes-Robinson application of the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) adsorption isotherm and activity equations of water nitric acid, and uranyl nitrate hexahydrate (UNH) which were used to calculate distribution coefficients in a solvent extraction system has one adjustable parameter and two BET constants. The BET constants have been determined by asymptotic method on the BET adsorption isotherm as a function of water activity in the ternary system. As results of the study, the observed volume of mixture agrees with the volume predicted by the simulation within a maximum relative deviation of 0.78% and the excess volume is also estimated as a function of total molality.
Authors:D. Kim, H. Kim, M. Kim, K. Choi, S. Kwon, J. Shin, and J. Kim
A study of the elution chromatographic separation of lithium isotopes was carried out with NTOE-bonded Merrifield peptide resin. This resin had a capacity of 0.29 meq/g dry resin. Upon column chromatography [0.2 cm(I.D)×32 cm (height)] using 1.0M NH4Cl solution as an eluent, a single separation factor of 1.026 was obtained by the Glueckauf theory. The heavier isotope, 7Li was concentrated in the resin phase, while the lighter isotope, 6Li was enriched in the solution phase.
Authors:K. Park, N. Kim, H. Woo, D. Kim, J. Kim, and H. Choi
Instrumental neutron activation analysis has been applied to semiconductor grade silicon to study the concentration levels of impurity elements, the contamination during the single crystal growing process, and the vertical and radial distributions of impurities, along with the decontamination effect in the analysis. Twenty elements of Au, Br, As, W, Cr, Co, Na, Eu, La, Se, Zn, U, Th, Hf, Fe, Sb, Ag, Ce, Tb and Ta have been analyzed in p- and n-type wafers, single crystals and a polycrystal by a single comparator method using two comparators of gold and cobalt. Considerable surface contamination has been found and could be removed by etching the surface with nitric and hydrofluoric acid before and after irradiation. The impurity concentration has been found to be generally increased in the process of single crystal growth. The vertical and radial distributions of impurities have revealed that some impurity elements were more concentrated in the top region of a single crystal rod than in the middle region, and that Br, Cr, La, Eu and Sb were enriched in the central region and As, U and Fe in the outer region.