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Summary G. Grätzer and H. Lakser proved in 1986 that for the finite distributive lattices D and E, with |D| > 1, and for the {0, 1}-homomorphism φ of D into E, there exists a finite lattice L and an ideal I of L such that D ≡ Con L, E ≡ Con I, and φ is represented by the restriction map. In their recent survey of finite congruence lattices, G. Grätzer and E. T. Schmidt ask whether this result can be improved by requiring that L be sectionally complemented. In this note, we provide an affirmative answer. The key to the solution is to generalize the 1960 sectional complement (see Part I) from finite orders to finite preorders.

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Summary In a recent survey article, G. Grätzer and E. T. Schmidt raise the problem when is the ideal lattice of a sectionally complemented chopped lattice sectionally complemented. The only general result is a 1999 lemma of theirs, stating that if the finite chopped lattice is the union of two ideals that intersect in a two-element ideal U, then the ideal lattice of M is sectionally complemented. In this paper, we present examples showing that in many ways their result is optimal. A typical result is the following: For any finite sectionally complemented lattice U with more than two elements, there exists a finite sectionally complemented chopped lattice M that is (i) the union of two ideals intersecting in the ideal U; (ii) the ideal lattice of M is not sectionally complemented.

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Periodica Mathematica Hungarica
G. Grätzer
H. Lakser
, and
E. T. Schmidt
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