Authors:W. Wang, Y. Yang, H. Zhao, Q. Guo, W. Lu, and Y. Lu
The extraction of europium to a W/O microemulsion with an anionic surfactant was studied. In the sodium oleate (NaOL)/pentanol/heptane/NaCl
system, the influence of aqueous-microemulsion ratio, concentration of NaOL, extraction temperature, concentration of cosurfactant,
pH and salting-out agent on the extraction yield were investigated. Europium was probably extracted into the microemulsion
phase in the form of Eu(OL)2Cl, and the extraction yield (E%) was above 99% when R = 8. The enthalpy and entropy of Eu(III) extraction were calculated to be −12.18 kJ/mol and −61.41 J/(mol K), respectively.
The back-extraction is conducted by hydrochloric acid (0.8 mol/L), which provided better back-extraction yields (95.15%).
Authors:H. A. Ergül, S. Topcuo?lu, E. Ölmez, and Ç. K?rbaşo?lu
Radionuclide (137Cs, 238U, 232Th and 40K) concentrations were determined in a sediment trap and bottom sediment samples collected from a station at the eastern Turkish
coast of the Black Sea. The specific activity of the 137Cs radionuclide in the settling particles ranged from 0.04±0.01 to 0.10±0.02 Bq. g-1dry weight. The calculated flux rate of the 137Cs was between 0.37 and 2.59 Bq. m-2. d-1in the sampling periods of 2002 and 2003. The 137Cs concentration in the bottom sediment profile were between 0.039±0.013-9.083±0.017 Bq. g-1dry weight in the same station. The vertical profile of the radionuclides suggests that they have little mobility during the
17 years after the Chernobyl accident.
Hydroponic studies were conducted to investigate the role of iron plaque on transport and distribution of chromium (Cr) by rice seedlings. Microscopical observations indicate that iron plaque developed quickly at the root surface of rice seedlings, but the distribution of iron plaque was more intense near root base and less towards root tip. Results showed that rice seedlings exposed to Cr(III) depicted significantly higher capacity for Cr accumulation in plant tissues than Cr(VI) in the presence of iron plaque. However, transport of Cr within plant cells was more evident in Cr(VI) treatment with iron plaque than Cr(III) treatment. Results also showed that there are significant impact on transport of K, Mn and Zn in rice seedlings treated with Cr(VI) in the presence of iron plaque, while significant effect on transport of Mn and Zn were observed in Cr(III)-treated rice seedlings. Results from detached root test provide additional evidence to confirm the presence of iron plaque, that had different impact on Cr uptake when Cr(VI) or Cr(III) was supplied.
The heat capacities of chrysanthemic acid in the temperature range from 80 to 400 K were measured with a precise automatic
adiabatic calorimeter. The chrysanthemic acid sample was prepared with the purity of 0.9855 mole fraction. A solid-liquid
fusion phase transition was observed in the experimental temperature range. The melting point, Tm, enthalpy and entropy of fusion, ΔfusHm, ΔfusSm, were determined to be 390.7410.002 K, 14.510.13 kJ mol-1, 37.130.34 J mol-1 K-1, respectively. The thermodynamic functions of chrysanthemic acid, H(T)-H(298.15), S(T)-S(298.15) and G(T)-G(298.15) were reported with a temperature interval of 5 K. The TG analysis under the heating rate of 10 K min-1 confirmed that the thermal decomposition of the sample starts at ca. 410 K and terminates at ca. 471 K. The maximum decomposition
rate was obtained at 466 K. The purity of the sample was determined by a fractional melting method.
Authors:Y. Xu, S. Zhang, H. Ding, X. Lu, W. Yang, S. Yuan, Y. Xiao, and Y. Niu
The neutron-rich target-like isotope 236Th has been produced in the 238U-2p multinucleon transfer reaction between a 60 MeV/u 18O beam and natural 238U targets. The activities of thorium were determined after radiochemical separation of Th from the mixture of uranium and
reaction products. The 236Th isotope was identified by the characteristic γ-rays of 642.2, 687.6 and 229.6 keV. The production cross section of 236Th was determined to be 250±50 μb.
Authors:R. Liu, Q.N. Zhang, J. Lu, C.H. Zhang, L. Zhang, and Y. Wu
Salt stress is one of the major abiotic stress which severely limits plant growth and reduces crop productivity across the world. In the present study, the effects of exogenous pyridoxal-5-phosphate (vitamin B6, VB6) on seedling growth and development of wheat under salt stress were investigated. The results showed that exogenous application of pyridoxal-5-phosphate (VB6) significantly increased the RWC, biomass, the concentration of photosynthetic pigments, proline, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), together with decreasing the content of Malondiadehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in wheat leaves under salt stress. Meanwhile, the transcript level of P5CR, P5CS, SOD, TaSOS1 and TaSOS4 were also up-regulated after treatment with pyridoxal-5-phosphate. VB6 acts as a signal in regulating the activities of plant antioxidant enzymes and SOS pathway to improve resistance to salt stress. The current study results may give an insight into the regulatory roles of VB6 in improving salt stress and VB6 could be an easily and effective method to improve salt-stress tolerance to wheat in the field condition. It is urgency to understand the molecular mechanism of VB6 to enhance the salt tolerance of wheat in the next work.
Authors:H. Yu, C. Lu, T. Xi, L. Luo, J. Ning, and C. Xiang
TG-DSC-MS (thermogravimetry-differential scanning calorimetry-mass spectrometry) coupling techniques were used to make a simultaneous
characterizing study for the thermal decomposition process of the carbon nanotube (CNT)/SiO2precursor powders prepared by rapid sol-gel method. The thermal stability of the CNT and the SiO2pure gel were investigated by TG-DSC. The results showed that the oxidation of CNT began from 530 and combusted at about 678C
at the heating rate of 10C min-1in air. Moreover, the faster the heating rate, the higher the temperature of CNT combustion. The appropriate calcinations
temperature of the CNT/SiO2precursor powders should be held for 1 h at 500C.