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  • Author or Editor: H. Moafi x
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Abstract  

We have investigated the effect of magnesium chloride hexahydrate [MgCl2·H2O] as a nondurable finish on the flammability of 100% woven cotton fabric, (plain construction, with a density of 144 g m−2, the number of yarns 21/10 mm). The laundered bone-dried, massed fabrics were impregnated with suitable concentrations of aqueous solution of the above-mentioned salt, by means of squeeze rolls. They were then dried horizontally in an oven at 110°C for 30 min. The optimum add-on value after the fulfillment of vertical flame spread test to donate flame-retardancy onto cotton fabric was obtained to be in the range of 6.73–8.30 g of the salt per 100 g fabric. Thermogravimetry (TG) of pure cotton, treated cotton and the salt was accomplished, and their TG curves were compared and commented. The results obtained are in favor of the ‘gas dilution theory’, chemical action theory and also in compliance with the ‘free radical theory’. The formation of sal ammoniac was proven by sprinkling concentrated ammonia upon the inflamed treated specimen.

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Abstract  

This study investigates the effect of ammonium bromide and/or ammonium chloride as nondurable finishes on the flammability of 100% cotton fabric, (woven construction, weighing 144 g m−2). The laundered bone-dried, weighed fabrics were impregnated with suitable concentrations of aqueous ammonium bromide and/or ammonium chloride solutions by means of squeeze rolls and dried at 110°C for 30 min. Afterwards they were cooled in a desiccator, re-weighed with an analytical precision and kept under ordinary conditions before the fulfillment of the vertical flame test. The optimum add-on values to impart flame retardancy expressed in g anhydrous ammonium bromide and ammonium chloride per 100 g fabrics were individually obtained to be about 3.5–3.89 and 17.31–17.99%, respectively. Thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTG) of pure cotton and the salts treated fabrics were fulfilled and their curves were compared and commented. The results obtained comply with free radical theory, and also proved the superiority of ammonium bromide for the impartation of flame-retardancy in regard to ammonium chloride.

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