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  • Author or Editor: H. Ogawa x
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In order to measure heats of mixing or heats of dilution for many solutions by a continuous process accurately, a twin conduction type flow microcalorimeter has been constructed, improving the design of the same type of calorimeter reported previously. The thermal stability of the heat sink was enhanced by enlarged contact area of the main heat sink block with a thermostated water bath. Mixing efficiency of the mixing cell and the stability of the base line were improved by the use of a new mixing cell having a long mixing zone and symmetrically arranged sample and reference cells. Waiting time for establishment of thermal steady state was also reduced by sandwiching each of the cell by a pair of wide thermopiles plates and a pair of sub-blocks. Heats of dilution of aqueous urea solutions were measured by a continuous process, and results obtained well agreed with accepted values by Guckeret al. The accuracy and thermal resolution in this calorimeter were estimated to be less than 0.05% and 3 μJ·s−1.

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Abstract  

A series of metal -diketonates were irradiated with bremsstrahlung of maximum energy of 50 MeV and the recoil behavior of7Be, formed from12C of ligands through12C(, n)7Be reaction, was investigated.7Be nuclides thus formed were detected partially as central metal atoms of the complexes. Complex yields of7Be were compared and an anomalously high yield was observed in tris-acetylacetonatocobalt(III) [Co(acac)3].

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Abstract  

Aerosol particles of99mTc-labeled carbon were prepared by sublimation and introduced in various liquid media. The adsorption of the aquasol and organosol particles were studied for various adsorbing substances and media, with the effect of surface treatment and voltage application. The particles often accumulated at the aqueous-organic interface, and also on the vessel surface in the presence of both aqueous and organic phases. The distribution of the particles was examined by a gamma-camera for different organic phases under various concentrations of electrolytes in the aqueous phase.

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SDS-PAGE was used to determine the variation in high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) alleles present in 170 landraces of common wheat from Sindh, Balochistan and NWFP in Pakistan. Three alleles for Glu-A1 , six alleles for Glu-B1 and four alleles for Glu-D1 were detected. These included three new alleles, namely Glu-B1e, Glu-B1h and Glu-D1n , which had not previously been found in landraces of Pakistani wheat. Furthermore, Glu-D1m and Glu-D1n , which are considered to be endemic alleles in Pakistan and Afghanistan, were both detected from Balochistan. Twenty genotypes were identified based on combinations of alleles at the three Glu-1 loci. The present study showed that Pakistani landraces of common wheat have maintained a broad diversity of HMW-GS alleles, and that they may serve as genetic resources to improve wheat varieties adapted to Pakistani climatic and edaphic conditions.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Y Kobayashi, M. Kubo, Y. Yamada, T. Saito, H. Ueno, H. Ogawa, W. Sato, K. Yoneda, H. Watanabe, N. Imai, H. Miyoshi, and K. Asahi

Abstract  

In-beam Mössbauer spectra of 57Fe, decayed from short-lived 57Mn (T1/2 = 1.45 min) implanted into potassium permanganate, KMnO4, were measured at temperatures between 11 K and 130 K. This is the first application of a secondary RI beam to the study of valence states after nuclear transformation. The in-beam Mössbauer spectra obtained below 90 K could be analyzed with two components, a doublet and a singlet. From the calculations of the molecular orbital wave functions, the singlet is suggested to be substitutional 57Fe atoms for Mn-sites in tetrahedral [MnO4] with an unusually high valence state of Fe8+.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: W. Sato, H. Ueno, H. Watanabe, H. Ogawa, H. Miyoshi, N. Imai, A. Yoshimi, K. Yoneda, D. Kameda, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Asahi

Abstract  

A new 19F probe disintegrated from short-lived 19O has been developed for the first time for time-differential perturbed angular correlation method. The angular correlation coefficient for the relevant cascade has been experimentally estimated to be A22 = -0.17±0.01. As the first application of this technique to condensed matter physics, the probe was implanted in polycrystalline fullerene C60. We have observed two contrastive perturbations acting on the probe nuclei, which reflect electrostatic and dynamic interactions with the extranuclear field.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: T. Tanaka, M. Mukai, T. Maeda, J. Matsumoto, H. Ogawa, Zhentang Li, Xudong Wang, Zhiwen Fan, Liangtian Guo, and Cunli Liu

Abstract  

Migration experiments with 237Np(V) and 241Am(III) have been performed using a column system, packed with loess, taken from Shanxi, China. The adsorption mechanism of 237Np and 241Am on the loess was examined by a chemical extraction method. Most of 237Np was adsorbed on the influent edge of the column, and the adsorbtion was mainly controlled by surface complexation. However, the migration of 237Np in loess media could be roughly evaluated by the distribution coefficient. In the case of 241Am, particulate, the 241Am species was formed in the influent solution and moved in the column. The 241Am adsorbed on loess was controlled by irreversible reactions. The migration behavior of particulate 241Am in loess media could be expressed by the filtration theory.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: S. Seki, T. Aoyama, Y. Sawada, M. Ogawa, M. Sano, N. Miyabayashi, H. Yoshida, Y. Hoshi, M. Ide, and A. Shida

Abstract  

Tin-doped In2O3 (indium-tin-oxide) transparent conducting films are widely used as electrodes of liquid crystal displays and low-E windows. In the present study, a systematic TDS study was undertaken for ITO films fabricated by various deposition processes; such as PVD, dip coating and spray deposition. Water vapor was the main gas evolved from the films; gas evolution from the silicon substrate was negligible. The evolution proceeded via two steps at approximately 373 and 473-623 K. The amount of the evolved water was in the order: (dip-coated film)>(PVD films)> (spray-deposited film). This order was identical to that of the film's resistivities.

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