By using p-adic q-deformed fermionic integral on ℤp, we construct new generating functions of the twisted (h, q)-Euler numbers and polynomials attached to a Dirichlet character χ. By applying Mellin transformation and derivative operator
to these functions, we define twisted (h, q)-extension of zeta functions and l-functions, which interpolate the twisted (h, q)-extension of Euler numbers at negative integers. Moreover, we construct the partially twisted (h, q)-zeta function. We give some relations between the partially twisted (h, q)-zeta function and twisted (h, q)-extension of Euler numbers.
Authors:Ziya Kaygisiz, H. Ozden, N. Erkasap, T. Koken, T. Gunduz, M. Ikizler, and T. Kural
Even though there are a few studies dealing with the cardiac effects of amylin, the mechanisms of amylin-induced positive inotropy are not known well. Therefore, we investigated the possible signaling pathways underlying the amylin-induced positive inotropy and compared the cardiac effects of rat amylin (rAmylin) and human amylin (hAmylin).Isolated rat hearts were perfused under constant flow condition and rAmylin or hAmylin was infused to the hearts. Coronary perfusion pressure, heart rate, left ventricular developed pressure and the maximum rate of increase of left ventricular pressure (+dP/dtmax) and the maximum rate of pressure decrease of left ventricle (−dP/dtmin) were measured.rAmylin at concentrations of 1, 10 or 100 nM markedly decreased coronary perfusion pressure, but increased heart rate, left ventricular developed pressure, +dP/dtmax and −dP/dtmin. The infusion of H-89 (50 μM), a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor did not change the rAmylin (100 nM)-induced positive inotropic effect. Both diltiazem (1 μM), an L-type Ca2+ channel blocker and ryanodine (10 nM), a sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release channel opener completely suppressed the rAmylin-induced positive inotropic effect, but staurosporine (100 nM), a potent protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor suppressed it partially. hAmylin (1, 10 and 100 nM) had no significant effect on coronary perfusion pressure, heart rate and developed pressure, +dP/dtmax and -dP/dtmin.We concluded that rAmylin might have been produced vasodilatory, positive chronotropic and positive inotropic effects on rat hearts. Ca2+ entry via L-type Ca2+ channels, activation of PKC and Ca2+ release from SR through ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ channels may be involved in this positive inotropic effect. hAmylin may not produce any significant effect on perfusion pressure, heart rate and contractility in isolated, perfused rat hearts.