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  • Author or Editor: H. Rose x
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Abstract  

The relationship between absolute retracts, injectives and equationally compact algebras in finitely generated congruence distributive varieties with 1- element subalgebras is considered and several characterization theorems are proven. Amongst others, we prove that the absolute retracts in such a variety are precisely the injectives in the amalgamation class and that every equationally compact reduced power of a finite absolute retract is an absolute retract. We also show that any elementary amalgamation class is Horn if and only if it is closed under finite direct products.

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Abstract  

The possibilities are discussed of the instrumental activation analysis of phosphorus in rocks by the reaction31P(n, γ)32P (T=14.2 d). Results are given for six standard rocks of the U.S. Geological Survey.

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The effect of a pure endoxylanase (Xyn2) and endoglucanase (EgII) from Trichoderma reesei on bread flour quality were compared to a commercial endoxylanase from Aspergillus niger (Com-xyl) and a cellulase-xylanase cocktail from T. reesei (Cel-xyl). Effects of these enzymes on dough quality, bread weight, height and crumb softness were analysed. Results obtained during commercial-scale baking tests often differed from those obtained during laboratory-scale tests; indicating that results from laboratory-scale baking tests cannot be extrapolated to commercialscale bread production. Low levels of endoxylanase activity benefited bread height and volume without affecting slice brightness in commercial-scale tests. The addition of endoglucanases and α-amylases can also be advantageous resulting in less endoxylanase activity required to obtain similar results.

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