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Authors: Chang Bang, H. Sharp and P. Winkler
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TG, DTG and DTA curves of magnesite are dependent on procedural variables, especially sample mass, heating rate and partial pressure of carbon dioxide, in a similar manner to those of calcite [1], although the magnitude of the effect is less for magnesite. The first stage of the decomposition of dolomite varies with increasing partial pressure of carbon dioxide in an anomalous manner and hence the effects of these procedural variables (except heating rate) are not similar to those observed for magnesite and calcite. The second stage of the decomposition of dolomite is, however, strongly dependent on these procedural variables and behaves in a manner that would be predicted for a sample of calcite diluted with magnesia. A 1∶1 molar mixture of magnesite and calcite also behaves as would be predicted from the behaviour of the single carbonates but differently from that of dolomite.

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Authors: S. J. Stevens, R. J. Hand and J. H. Sharp

Abstract

The cristobalite α-β inversion has been studied using DSC on cristobalites produced by firing high purity quartz with and without addition of a mineraliser. If no mineraliser was used, the inversion temperatures and hysteresis on heating and cooling increased with firing temperature. Firing time had little or no effect on inversion temperature. When a mineraliser was used, the same general trend was observed with increases in firing time at low temperatures leading to splitting of the inversion peak. The amount of mineraliser added had little effect. Tridymite inversions were also observed. The results are explained in terms of the degree of order of the cristobalite structure.

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Authors: F. W. Wilburn, J. H. Sharp, D. M. Tinsley and R. M. McIntosh

The effect of procedural variables, including sample mass, heating rate, particle size and partial pressure of carbon dioxide, on TG, DTG and DTA curves for the decomposition of A. R. calcium carbonate and limestone has been studied. Such variables have a marked effect, similar in magnitude for both DTG and DTA. The effect of sample mass, or depth of undiluted sample, is shown to be due to an increase in the partial pressure of carbon dioxide within the reacting powder and has been called the bed-depth effect. This effect is most pronounced in nitrogen but is much reduced in carbon dioxide. Inert diluents have little effect on the TG curves but changing the composition of the inert carrier gas causes variations which are correlated with the thermal conductivity of the gas. Water vapour causes a lowering of the DTG and DTA peak temperatures.

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