To effectively extract organohalogens from human hair, two factors, the extracting time and hair length on the extraction
efficiency of organohalogens were studied by neutron activation analysis (NAA) and gas chromatograph-electron capture detector
(GC-ECD), respectively. Furthermore, the concentrations of extractable organohalogens (EOX) and extractable persistent organohalogens
(EPOX) in hair samples from angioma and control babies were also measured by the established method. The results indicated
that the optimal Soxhlet-extraction time for EOX and EPOX in hair was from 8 to 11 hours, and the extraction efficiencies
for organochlorine pesticides in hair were in the order of powder >2 mm>5 mm. Also, the mean levels of EOC1 and EPOC1 in hair
of the angioma babies were significantly higher than those in the control babies (PEOC1<0.01; PEPOC1<0.05), which implied the possible relationship between the environmental pollution and angioma.
Prompt k0-factors relative to chlorine and relative g-emission intensities were determined for the strong non-1/v absorbers 113Cd, 149Sm, 151Eu,155Gd and 157Gd. Measurements were performed using the SNU-KAERI prompt gamma activation analysis (PGAA) facility at the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI). For proper experimental determination of the prompt k0-factors, the effective g-factor and cadmium ratio were taken into account, in consideration of the effects from the non-1/v capture cross section and neutron spectrum in the thermal and epithermal energy region. By using the actual spectrum of the neutron beam in this study, the effective g-factor was obtained by calculation, and the influence of epithermal neutrons on the capture rate was corrected by measuring the cadmium ratio for each non-1/v target isotope. The measured prompt k0-factors were used to check the consistency between the existing dataset of the absolute g-emission intensity and the 2200 m/s capture cross section for these isotopes.
Doppler broadening of a 477.6 keV line combined with a recoil of an excited Li nucleus is the characteristic of PGAA, which
leads to complicated gamma-ray spectrum which is difficult to analyze. For this solution, a modified algorithm for an automated
analysis of the Doppler-broadened peak spectrum is presented. The modified algorithm maintained the consistency of a Doppler-broadened
peak with the finest analysis algorithm used for a Gaussian gamma-ray peak analysis in the HYPERMET code.
Authors:H. Sun, X. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Nan, and H. Zhang
In this paper studies on the oscillation regularity of the classical B–Z reaction system, and the calorimetric curves of the reaction system measured at three temperatures, 25, 27 and 29°C are described. A new way is presented for studying the regularity properties of chemical oscillation phenomena from the viewpoint of reaction heat effects.
Hydrated methanesulfonates Ln(CH3SO3)3nH2O (Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd and Yb) and Zn(CH3SO3)2nH2O were synthesized. The effect of atmosphere on thermal decomposition products of these methanesulfonates was investigated.
Thermal decomposition products in air atmosphere of these compounds were characterized by infrared spectrometry, the content
of metallic ion in thermal decomposition products were determined by complexometric titration. The results show that the thermal
decomposition atmosphere has evident effect on decomposition products of hydrated La(III), Pr(III) and Nd(III) methanesulfonates,
and no effect on that of hydrated Ce(III), Yb(III) and Zn(II) methanesulfonates.
Authors:L. Wang, S. Jiao, Y. Jiang, H. Yan, D. Su, G. Sun, X. Yan, and L. Sun
Genetic structure of 142 parent lines of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] was analyzed using model-based approach based on SSR markers. Forty-one selected from 103 SSR markers were used to analyze the parent lines, which generated 189 alleles revealed by each marker ranging from 2 to 11 with an average of 4.6 per marker. The polymorphic information content (PIC) value was 0.543 with a range of 0.089 to 0.850. All the parent lines were assigned to 7 subgroups, named Kafir, Kaoliang, Feterita, Shallu, Hegari, Milo and Durra. Parent lines without clear pedigree record were clustered into their corresponding groups, and genetic components of each line were estimated by Q-values. Information of this study would be useful for breeders to conclude their genetic background and select appropriate parents for germplasm improvement and hybrid breeding, and thus improve the efficiency of breeding programs.
Authors:X. Liu, H. Zhang, Z. Tan, K. Han, and L. Sun
The isoquinoline alkaloids were isolated from traditional Chinese drugs of Phellodendri Cortex, Radix Stephaniae Tetrandrae,
Corydalis Yanhusuo and Corydalis Bungeana. The power-time curves of growth of E. coli at different concentrations of isoquinoline alkaloid at 37�C were determined by a 2277 Thermal Activity Monitor. The rate
constant of bacteriostastic activity was calculated. The relationship between growth rate constant and concentration was established.
The optimum bacteriostastic concentration was determined. Experimental results have indicated that all the isoquinoline alkaloids
isolated from the four kinds of traditional Chinese drugs have bacteriostastic activity and the order is Phellodendri Cortex>Radix
Stephaniae Tetrandrae>Corydalis Yanhusuo>Corydalis Bungeana.