Iron doped boehmite nanofibres with varying iron content have been prepared at low temperatures using a hydrothermal treatment
in the presence of poly(ethylene oxide) surfactant. The resultant nanofibres were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD),
and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TEM images showed the resulting nanostructures are predominantly nanofibres when
Fe doping is no more than 5%; in contrast nanosheets were formed if Fe doping was above 5%. For the 10% Fe doped boehmite,
a mixed morphology of nanofibres and nanosheets were obtained. Nanotubes instead of nanofibres were observed in samples with
20% added iron. The Fe doped boehmite and the subsequent nanofibres/nanotubes were analysed by thermogravimetric and differential
thermogravimetric methods. Boehmite nanofibres decompose at higher temperatures than non-hydrothermally treated boehmite and
nano-sheets decompose at lower temperatures than the nanofibres.
Authors:C. Liu, Y. Zhao, S. Li, H. Teng and Z. Wang
The concentration of radon in an underground research facility (URF) was measured by setting up 12 sampling points in the
URF and with 3 different measurement methods. All the methods were calibrated in the radon laboratory of the No. 6 Institute
of Nuclear Industry. The accumulation of radon in the URF was observed before a ventilation system was applied. The reduction
of radon concentration in the URF by 1-hour ventilation was also observed. Experimental result indicates that the concentration
of radon in the URF increased from 15 to 50 Bq·m−3 in 5 days without ventilation, and decreased to less than 10 Bq·m−3 with 1-hour ventilation. Applying the average working time of 4 hours per day of the workers in the URF, the additional effective
dose is 0.75 msv·y−1 when 1 hour ventilation is applied before entering the URF and 13 mSv·y−1 without ventilation. These figures strongly suggest that for the health of the workers, ventilation in such underground research
facilities is needed.
Authors:M. Zheng, Y. Tian, H. Teng, J. Hu, F. Wang, Y. Zhao and L. Yu
In this paper, the wind energy resource in China’s oilfields is analyzed, the difference between China’s energy consumption structure and that of the world in average is analyzed as well, and the application prospect of wind heating technology in China’s oilfields is discussed as an example to reform China’s energy consumption structure. It shows that it is possible to use wind energy as an appropriate heat resource or supplementary heat source in some oilfields to supply heat energy for oil heating and living, more room to improve the energy resource utilization in various fields in China remain. It is a benefit to both oilfield and society to improve energy saving and environments.
Authors:K. Sueki, K. Akiyama, Y. Zhao, I. Ito, Y. Ohkubo, K. Kikuchi, M. Katada and H. Nakahara
We made systematic studies of lanthanoid metallofullerenes on the following three properties using the radiochemical method: (1) the relative production yields of metallofullerene species, (2) variation of the HPLC retention time among M(III)@C82 species, and (3) the effects of the reactor irradiation on the survival yields of each metallofullerene species. The production yields of M@C82 relative to La@C82 were found to decrease as the atomic number of M became larger and as the number of atom ratio, M/C, in the carbon rod became larger. On the other hand, the production yields of M1M2@C82, relative to that of LuM@C82 were found to increase for the larger atomic number. The retention time for the M(III)@C82 species in the Buckyprep column was found to become slightly longer for the larger atomic number but it becomes abruptly larger for Gd, and Tb by about 5%. The overall effects of the reactor irradiation on the survival yields (or retention yields) of M@C82 species were found to be (19.7±2.1)%.
Authors:Y. Zhao, I. Nishinaka, Y. Nagame, K. Tsukada, K. Sueki, S. Goto, M. Tanikawa and H. Nakahara
The primary fragment mass-yield distribution for the asymmetric fission path in heavy nuclei, 233Pa, 239Np, 245Am and 249Bk at the excitation energy of ~20 MeV are experimentally constructed based on the intensities of total kinetic energies for individual mass splits. The results revealed an interesting phenomenon: in all the studied fissioning systems, the inner wings of the mass-yield distributions in the asymmetric fission path appear along the same mass-wall of A = 130 fragment mass. The asymmetric mass-yield distribution indicates the strong effect of structural shells in fragments on the final mass division process of the asymmetric fission path.
Authors:W. Wang, Y. Yang, H. Zhao, Q. Guo, W. Lu and Y. Lu
The extraction of europium to a W/O microemulsion with an anionic surfactant was studied. In the sodium oleate (NaOL)/pentanol/heptane/NaCl
system, the influence of aqueous-microemulsion ratio, concentration of NaOL, extraction temperature, concentration of cosurfactant,
pH and salting-out agent on the extraction yield were investigated. Europium was probably extracted into the microemulsion
phase in the form of Eu(OL)2Cl, and the extraction yield (E%) was above 99% when R = 8. The enthalpy and entropy of Eu(III) extraction were calculated to be −12.18 kJ/mol and −61.41 J/(mol K), respectively.
The back-extraction is conducted by hydrochloric acid (0.8 mol/L), which provided better back-extraction yields (95.15%).
Authors:H. W. Zhao, Y. L. Geng, H. Zhu, P. Yang and J. Q. Yu
Seven compounds, including two flavanones, dihydrokaempferol (1) and naringenin (2), and five terpenoids, boscartol A (3), 3,7-dioxo-tirucalla-8,24-dien-21-oic acid (4), 3α-acetoxyl-7-oxo-tirucalla-8,24-dien-21-oic acid (5), 11-keto-β-boswellic acid (6), and acetyl-11-keto-boswellic acid (7), have been purified by high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) from olibanum. For the separation, from 250 mg of the crude extract, 3.1 mg of 1 (95.2% purity), 2.7 mg of 2 (96.1% purity), 9.1 mg of 3 (96.7% purity), 4.5 mg of 4 (95.3% purity), 5.4 mg of 5 (96.3% purity), 48.1 mg of 6 (96.8% purity), and 45.5 mg of 7 (98.1% purity) were obtained by HSCCC with petroleum ether–ethyl acetate–methanol–water (1:0.8:1.1:0.6, v/v). The structures of these seven compounds were elucidated by a combination of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI–MS) and extensive nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic.
Authors:Y. Zhao, T. Ohtsuki, Y. Nishinaka, K. Tsukada, S. Ichikawa, H. Ikezoe, Y. Hatuskawa, K. Hata, M. Tanikawa, Z. Qin, K. Sueki, Y. Oura, H. Kudo and H. Nakahara
Two kinds of scission configurations for certain mass division have been verified by the accurate measurements of fragment
velocities in protoninduced fission of actinides: compact and elongated scission configurations. A correlation between the
binary scission configurations and mass yield distributions reveals that elongated scission configurations are associated
with the symmetric mass distribution and compact scission configurations with the asymmetric mass distribution. The elongation
properties of nuclei at scission in a wide range of actinides fissions are studied. The results suggest that the compact and
the elongated scission configurations in light actinides fission smoothly change to the scission properties of the symmetric
and the asymmetic modes in heavy actinides fission.
Authors:Y. Zhao, X.Y. Li, X.Y. Ju, S.H. Zhang, J.C. Tian and X.J. Yang
Protein and starch are important in wheat quality and yield. To understand the genetic relationship between protein and starch at the quantitative trait locus (QTL)/gene level, 168 doubled haploid (DH) lines were used at three locations over 2 years. The QTLs for proteinfraction contents and starch content were analyzed by unconditional and conditional QTL mapping. We detected 17 unconditional additive QTLs (four albumin QTLs, three globulin QTLs, six gliadin QTLs, four glutenin QTLs) controlling protein-fraction contents. We detected 19 conditional QTLs (five albumin QTLs, three globulin QTLs, five gliadin QTLs, six glutenin QTLs) based on starch content. Of these QTLs, QAlu1B, QGlo6A, QGli1B, QGli7A, QGlu1B and QGlu1D increased the protein-fraction contents independent of the starch content. These QTLs could regulate the usual inverse relationship between protein and starch in wheat seeds. The results could possibly be used in the simultaneous improvement of grain protein and starch content in wheat breeding.