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Abstract  

Extraction behaviors of Pd(II) in the TRUEX and PUREX solvent extractions were studied by using octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide. The effect of scrubbing in the TRUEX solvent extraction was demonstrated by adding oxalic acid. The distribution ratios of palladium (D Pd's) in the diluted region of [HNO3] were found to depend strongly on the fraction of cationic species, Pd(NO3)+, existed in the aqueous phase. The gradual decrease of DPd with the increase of acidity beyond [H+] 1 mol·dm-3 was controlled by the formation of the anionic species Pd(NO3)3 -.

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Abstract  

Adsorption behavior of fission products in nitric acid solution on various alloys and metals was studied by using a multitracer produced by neutron irradiation of UO2. The adsorption behavior of the fission products 99Mo, 131I, 132Te, 140La, and 143Ce, and 239Np was simultaneously studied. Some chemical decontamination tests were also examined. Clear adsorption of 99Mo, 131I, and 132Te was observed, whereas adsorption of 140La, 143Ce, and 239Np was not. The adsorption characteristics were discussed by considering anion-exchange reaction and surface complexation.

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Abstract  

The volatility of tellurium and some other fission products was radiochemically studied in heated nitric acid solutions. As tracers 121Te produced by bremsstrahlung of an electron LINAC and other fission products produced by neutron irradiation were used. The distribution rate of radionuclides between the mother solution and the condensate, was considered as volatility, and was determined. The volatility of tellurium was found to be small and close to that of cesium. Volatilization tests were also performed in the presence of large amounts of solutes.

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Abstract  

Radiopolarographic reduction of Ac(III) was investigated in aqueous solutions. It was found that a very large shift of the half-wave potential was induced by the addition of 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16-hexaoxacyclooctadecane (18-CROWN-6) to the aqueous solution. The shift was explained by complex formation of Ac(II) with 18-CROWN-6. The ionic radius and the electronic configuration of Ac2+ were determined to be 1.25 Å and [Rn] 6d1.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: K. Takamiya, R. Okumura, N. Abe, Y. Nakano, K. Miyata, S. Fukutani, A. Taniguchi, and H. Yamana

Abstract  

The new control system of pneumatic transportation apparatuses for neutron irradiation in Kyoto University Reactor (KUR) has been developed based on the TCP/IP network for the purpose of integrated management of the apparatus. The control system is comprised of PLCs, control PCs, database and web servers. Archiving logs of detailed information about irradiation enables the secure operation and management of the irradiation system. The information stored in the server can be referred by remote PCs and mobile phones through the internet. Combining the present facility with measurement and radiation management systems it can realize advanced INAA methods and secure managements of radioisotopes.

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