The Abel’s and Dirichlet’s criterions for convergence of series in analysis are very basic classical results and both require
the monotonicity condition. In this note we show that the monotonicity condition in these criterions can be generalized to
RBV condition, while cannot be generalized to quasimonotonicity.
Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) often relies on reactions withthermal neutron fluxes of 1012cm-2s-1 like with the Chinese madeMiniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR). Next to the obvious advantages of a small reactor,there are the inherent limitations of intermittent operation, the low flux and its eventualdecrease over the working period and the necessity of using cyclic INAA rather than singlerabbit irradiations. They bear on the precision and accuracy of results. This paper dealswith the use of the MNSR for routine INAA in terms of the capacity of existing and eventualadditional irradiation facilities and with the elimination of systematic biases and theoptimization of precision. A survey of eventual applications is added.
Ternary pure phases in the thermodynamical equilibrium Y2SexO3+2x in the pseudo-binary Y2O3-SeO2 system have been synthesized by solid state reactions and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, IR spectroscopy and DSC measurements. A new phase Y2Se3.5O10 was found besides the known phases Y2Se4O11, Y2Se3O9 and Y2SeO5. The thermal decomposition properties of the compounds have been determined by total pressure measurements and their thermodynamics data have been derived from their decomposition functions and Cp values. The phase diagram and the phase barogram have been established.
Recently food-grade microemulsions have been of increasing interest to researchers and exhibited great potential on their industrial applications. The microbiological and quality characteristics of NuoMiGao, a traditional Chinese steamed rice cake, affected by a prepared food-grade monolaurin-containing microemulsion have been evaluated in this study. Microbiological analysis indicated that 0.05% microemulsion was comparable to 0.01% sodium dehydroacetate, extending the shelf-life by two days. The quality analysis showed that the addition of the microemulsion effectively prevented the hardening phenomena in rice cake; the lightness and yellowness were fairly stable while redness increased slightly (P<0.05); the lowered pH value and the prevention of moisture drop in rice cake were in agreement with the microbiological analysis and hardness trends.
Authors:H. Gao, F. Zhao, R. Hu, H. Zhao and H. Zhang
A method for estimating the critical temperatures (Tb) of thermal explosion for energetic materials is derived from Semenov’s thermal explosion theory and the non-isothermal kinetic
equation dα/dt=A0TBf(α)e−E/RT using reasonable hypotheses. The final formula of calculating the value of Tb is
(Tb−Te0=1. The data needed for the method, E and Te0, can be obtained from analyses of the non-isothermal DSC curves. When B=0.5 the critical temperature (Tb) of thermal explosion of azido-acetic-acid-2-(2-azido-acetoxy)-ethylester (EGBAA) is determined as 475.65 K.
To effectively extract organohalogens from human hair, two factors, the extracting time and hair length on the extraction
efficiency of organohalogens were studied by neutron activation analysis (NAA) and gas chromatograph-electron capture detector
(GC-ECD), respectively. Furthermore, the concentrations of extractable organohalogens (EOX) and extractable persistent organohalogens
(EPOX) in hair samples from angioma and control babies were also measured by the established method. The results indicated
that the optimal Soxhlet-extraction time for EOX and EPOX in hair was from 8 to 11 hours, and the extraction efficiencies
for organochlorine pesticides in hair were in the order of powder >2 mm>5 mm. Also, the mean levels of EOC1 and EPOC1 in hair
of the angioma babies were significantly higher than those in the control babies (PEOC1<0.01; PEPOC1<0.05), which implied the possible relationship between the environmental pollution and angioma.
Authors:P. Zhang, M. Zhou, X. Zhang, Y. Huo and H. Ma
Crown rot caused by Fusarium pathogens is one of the most economically destructive diseases of wheat. The objective of this study was to investigate defense-related enzyme responses in wheat seedlings infected with Fusarium graminearum. Three wheat varieties were employed to the experiment. Physiological analysis of varieties indicated that defensive-related enzymes were induced by F. graminearum infection. The superoxide dismutase and peroxidase activities increased dramatically and the phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity was stimulated to a higher level in resistant variety Hongyouzi than in susceptible variety Wo0102. However, the chitinase activity was higher in susceptible variety Wo0102 than in Hongyouzi after infection. These results suggest that the defense enzymes could be stimulated in wheat seedlings by Fusarium infection.
The complexes of [Sm(o-MOBA)3bipy]2·H2O and [Sm(m-MOBA)3bipy]2·H2O (o(m)-MOBA = o(m)-methoxybenzoic acid, bipy-2,2′-bipyridine) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV, XRD and
molar conductance, respectively. The thermal decomposition processes of the two complexes were studied by means of TG–DTG
and IR techniques. The thermal decomposition kinetics of them were investigated from analysis of the TG and DTG curves by
jointly using advanced double equal-double steps method and Starink method. The kinetic parameters (activation energy E and pre-exponential factor A) and thermodynamic parameters (ΔH≠, ΔG≠ and ΔS≠) of the second-step decomposition process for the two complexes were obtained, respectively.
High-performance capillary electrophoresis with amperometric detection (CE-AD) has been used for analysis of eight bioactive components of the leaves, stems, and roots of Valeriana wallichii DC, after a relatively simple extraction procedure with ethanol. Under the optimum conditions, the eight components can be well separated or (apigenin and luteolin) separated nearly to baseline within 23 min by use of 50 mM borax (pH 9.2) as running buffer and a separation potential of 16 kV. Linearity was excellent over two orders of magnitude of concentration and detection limits (S/N = 3) ranged from 1.7 × 10−7 to 1.8 × 10−8 g mL−1. This method was used for comparison of the concentrations of the bioactive compounds in different parts of the plant on the basis of their electropherograms or ‘characteristic electrochemical profiles’. Assay results were satisfactory.
A new ecomaterial, zirconyl molybdopyrophosphate (ZMPP), was prepared by a coprecipitation method. The removal of Cs+ and Sr2+ ions from simulated strong acid HLLW using the ion exchange process on ZMPP had been investigated. It showed that there are more than 90% Cs+ and Sr2+ removed from the simulated HLLW on ZMPP despite the presence of other metal ions, such as Na+, Al3+, Fe3+, etc. in excess. Then ZMPP may likely be a selective ion exchanger for the removal of 137Cs and 90Sr directly from strong acid HLLW.