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  • Author or Editor: H. Zhang x
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Abstract  

Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) often relies on reactions withthermal neutron fluxes of 1012cm-2s-1 like with the Chinese madeMiniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR). Next to the obvious advantages of a small reactor,there are the inherent limitations of intermittent operation, the low flux and its eventualdecrease over the working period and the necessity of using cyclic INAA rather than singlerabbit irradiations. They bear on the precision and accuracy of results. This paper dealswith the use of the MNSR for routine INAA in terms of the capacity of existing and eventualadditional irradiation facilities and with the elimination of systematic biases and theoptimization of precision. A survey of eventual applications is added.

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Abstract  

The Abel’s and Dirichlet’s criterions for convergence of series in analysis are very basic classical results and both require the monotonicity condition. In this note we show that the monotonicity condition in these criterions can be generalized to RBV condition, while cannot be generalized to quasimonotonicity.

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Recently food-grade microemulsions have been of increasing interest to researchers and exhibited great potential on their industrial applications. The microbiological and quality characteristics of NuoMiGao, a traditional Chinese steamed rice cake, affected by a prepared food-grade monolaurin-containing microemulsion have been evaluated in this study. Microbiological analysis indicated that 0.05% microemulsion was comparable to 0.01% sodium dehydroacetate, extending the shelf-life by two days. The quality analysis showed that the addition of the microemulsion effectively prevented the hardening phenomena in rice cake; the lightness and yellowness were fairly stable while redness increased slightly (P<0.05); the lowered pH value and the prevention of moisture drop in rice cake were in agreement with the microbiological analysis and hardness trends.

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Abstract  

To effectively extract organohalogens from human hair, two factors, the extracting time and hair length on the extraction efficiency of organohalogens were studied by neutron activation analysis (NAA) and gas chromatograph-electron capture detector (GC-ECD), respectively. Furthermore, the concentrations of extractable organohalogens (EOX) and extractable persistent organohalogens (EPOX) in hair samples from angioma and control babies were also measured by the established method. The results indicated that the optimal Soxhlet-extraction time for EOX and EPOX in hair was from 8 to 11 hours, and the extraction efficiencies for organochlorine pesticides in hair were in the order of powder >2 mm>5 mm. Also, the mean levels of EOC1 and EPOC1 in hair of the angioma babies were significantly higher than those in the control babies (P EOC1<0.01; P EPOC1<0.05), which implied the possible relationship between the environmental pollution and angioma.

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Abstract  

A new ecomaterial, zirconyl molybdopyrophosphate (ZMPP), was prepared by a coprecipitation method. The removal of Cs+ and Sr2+ ions from simulated strong acid HLLW using the ion exchange process on ZMPP had been investigated. It showed that there are more than 90% Cs+ and Sr2+ removed from the simulated HLLW on ZMPP despite the presence of other metal ions, such as Na+, Al3+, Fe3+, etc. in excess. Then ZMPP may likely be a selective ion exchanger for the removal of 137Cs and 90Sr directly from strong acid HLLW.

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Abstract  

The complexes of [Sm(o-MOBA)3bipy]2·H2O and [Sm(m-MOBA)3bipy]2·H2O (o(m)-MOBA = o(m)-methoxybenzoic acid, bipy-2,2′-bipyridine) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV, XRD and molar conductance, respectively. The thermal decomposition processes of the two complexes were studied by means of TG–DTG and IR techniques. The thermal decomposition kinetics of them were investigated from analysis of the TG and DTG curves by jointly using advanced double equal-double steps method and Starink method. The kinetic parameters (activation energy E and pre-exponential factor A) and thermodynamic parameters (ΔH , ΔG and ΔS ) of the second-step decomposition process for the two complexes were obtained, respectively.

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Summary

High-performance capillary electrophoresis with amperometric detection (CE-AD) has been used for analysis of eight bioactive components of the leaves, stems, and roots of Valeriana wallichii DC, after a relatively simple extraction procedure with ethanol. Under the optimum conditions, the eight components can be well separated or (apigenin and luteolin) separated nearly to baseline within 23 min by use of 50 mM borax (pH 9.2) as running buffer and a separation potential of 16 kV. Linearity was excellent over two orders of magnitude of concentration and detection limits (S/N = 3) ranged from 1.7 × 10−7 to 1.8 × 10−8 g mL−1. This method was used for comparison of the concentrations of the bioactive compounds in different parts of the plant on the basis of their electropherograms or ‘characteristic electrochemical profiles’. Assay results were satisfactory.

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Abstract  

Cyclic neutron activation analysis method was conducted for determination of Se in food samples. High accuracy and good precision were proved by analyzing certified reference materials (CRMs) of chicken (GBW10018), rice (GBW10010) and cabbage (GBW10014). The detection limits for the three CRMs reached 0.16, 0.66 and 1.2 ng after 6 cycles at the 161.9 keV γ-peak from 77mSe, under a neutron flux of 9.0 × 1011 n cm−2 s−1 and the conditions of 30 s irradiation, 2 s decay, 30 s counting and 2 s waiting, significantly lower than those of conventional neutron activation analysis without any cycles, which were 0.94, 3.6 and 4.3 ng, respectively.

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Abstract  

Five column experiments have been carried out to investigate the effect of flow rate on the breakthrough curves (BTCs) of phosphate, fulvic acid, and uranium(VI) onto a silica column. Both BTCs of phosphate and fulvic acid, and three BTCs of uranium(VI) in the presence and absence of phosphate or fulvic acid at high flow rate published in the previous paper [<cite>1</cite>] were compared with corresponding initial parts of BTCs at low flow rate in this paper. Each BTC in this paper was expressed as both C/Co–t and C/Co–V/Vo plots, where C and Co are the concentrations in the influent and the effluent respectively, t and V are the time and the effluent volume from the start of injection of pulse solution respectively, Vo is the pore volume of the SiO2 column. Based on the experimental results and the relationship among V, t, and flow rate F, it was found that there are advantages to using C/Co–V/Vo plot as BTC to study the effect of flow rate. Based on these comparisons of C/Co–V/Vo plots at different flow rates and the theoretical analysis from the Bohart–Adams sorption model, it was found that the right shift (increase in V/Vo of breakthrough), the left shift (decrease in V/Vo of breakthrough), and the non-shift (non-change in V/Vo of breakthrough) of initial parts of BTCs with increasing flow rate are certain to occur instead of only left shift and that three different trends of shifts can be mainly attributed to different rate-controlling mechanisms of sorption process.

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Abstract  

The crystallization dynamics of Nylon 66/Nylon 6 blends, the crystalline/crystalline polymer blends, was analyzed by DSC under isothermal conditions. The crystal growth rate (G) and the nucleation rate (N) depended on both the degree of supercooling (ΔT) and the blend mass fraction (ϕ). The ΔT /T m 0 values obtained at the fixed G, which corresponded to the chemical potential difference of molecules between liquid and crystal states, and the surface free energy parameters evaluated from G and N depended on ϕ for blends. The results suggested that Nylon 66/Nylon 6 blends with ϕN66≥0.80 or ϕN66≤0.15 are miscible.

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