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Abstract  

Crystalline PbTiO3 was obtained through the thermal decomposition of 8-hydroxyquinolinate of lead(II) and that of titanium(IV), which was monitored by TG/DTG/DTA under different atmospheric conditions and with varying heating rates. The compound was prepared from adding 8-hydroxyquinoline solution in the solution of metallic ions Pb(II):Ti(IV) (1:1) under constant stirring at 3C, having the pH adjusted to 10. The results of these investigations show that different thermal behavior related to the precursor occurred and also the consequent formation of residues which have different crystallinities. No carbonate residues from the thermal decomposition could be determined by XRD and IR. Only PbTiO3 was observed and confirmed by DSC at 470C, temperature lower than the tetragonal-cubic transition.

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Abstract  

5-Nitro-8-hydroxyquinoline (B) and 5,7-dinitro-8-hydroxyquinoline (C) were obtained from nitration of 8-hydroxyquinoline (A) and purified in acetone medium and under heating in which the formation of (B) or (C) depends on the amount of HNO3 added. TG curves present mass loss in only one step before and after the melting point (T m =76C (A) and 180C (B)) in different proportions as a function of the heating rate, characterising the sublimation and the volatilisation processes, respectively. The thermal stability of the compounds follow the order: A (77C)<B (121C)<C (222C). Kinetic parameters through TG curves, dynamic process, using heating rates of 1, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20C minȡ1 , enabled to obtain the following increasing order to the activation energy values of the compounds: 80.4 (A), 102.0 (B) and 153.9 kJ mol−1 (C). Other kinetic parameters as pre-exponential and half-lifetime were also estimated.

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Abstract  

Tin(II) complexes with 8-hydroxyquinolinate in solid state have been obtained by adding aqueous ammonium to a solution containing stannous chloride and 8-hydroxiquinoline in medium of HCl and acetone up to pH 5 and 9, respectively. The products obtained show the same composition, Sn(C9H6ON)2; however there are some differences regarding both the thermal behaviour in an oxidant atmosphere and morphology. These products were characterised by elemental and complexometric analysis, TG and DTA curves, infrared and X-ray diffractometry. TG curves show, above 448 K, the partial oxidation on air atmosphere of Sn(II) complexes to Sn(IV) complexes, SnO(C9H6ON)2. This behaviour does not depend only on pH in which the compounds were obtained but also on the heating rate in TG curves. Sn(II) complexes volatilise almost completely on nitrogen atmosphere and partially on air atmosphere depending on the oxidation degree of the compound.

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Abstract  

Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and thermal behavior of pyrazolate-bridged palladium complexes [Pd(μ-Pz)2]n (1), [Pd(μ-mPz)2]n (2), [Pd(μ-dmPz)2]n (3), [Pd(μ-IPz)2]n (4) {pyrazolate (Pz), 4-methylpyrazolate (mPz), 3,5-dimethylpyrazolate (dmPz), 4-iodopyrazolate (IPz)} have been described in this work. The exobidentate coordination mode of pyrazolato ligands in 14 was inferred on basis of IR spectroscopic evidences. TG investigations indicated that the introduction of substituents at the 4 position in the pyrazolyl moiety into coordination polymers do not affect significantly their thermal stability, whereas at the 3 and 5 position reduced the stability of the main chain. Metal palladium was the final product of the thermal decompositions, which was identified by X-ray powder diffraction.

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Abstract  

The compound obtained via state solid reaction of the La2O3 and SrO oxides and expose the room atmosphere shows the crystallographic data of the compound reported as La2SrOx. However, thermogravimetric, differential thermal analysis and XRD with controlled temperature indicated that the stoichiometry of the compound is 2La(OH)3-SrCO3, which structural parameters were determined by using the Rietveld method. It was verified that when the compound exposed at room atmosphere, the mixture oxide absorbs H2O and CO2 producing hydroxide and carbonate of lanthanum and strontium, respectively, which thermal decomposition occurs by the same steps, producing the La2O3-SrO.

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Abstract  

The dimeric compound [Pd(bzan)(μ-OOCCH3)]2 (1) (bzan=N-benzylideneaniline) reacts with KX, in methanol/acetone (2:1), affording the analogous dimeric pseudohalogen-bridged species [Pd(bzan)(μ-X)]2 [X=NCO(2),SCN(3), CN(4)]. The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, NMR and thermogravimetric analysis. IR data for 2–4 showed bands typical of coordinated pseudohalogen ligands clearly indicating the occurrence of the exchange reaction. Their thermal behaviour was investigated and suggested that their stability is influenced by the bridging ligand. The thermal stability decreased in the order[Pd(bzan)(μ-CN)]2>[Pd(bzan)(μ-SCN)]2>[Pd(bzan)(μ-OOCCH3)]2>[Pd(bzan)(μ-NCO)]2. X-ray results showed the formation of Pd as final decomposition product.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. V. G. Netto, A. M. Santana, A. E. Mauro, Regina C. G. Frem, E. T. de Almeida, M. S. Crespi, and H. E. Zorel Jr.
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