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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Li Bai Xiao, Xiao Ling Xing, Xue Zhong Fan, Feng Qi Zhao, Zhi Ming Zhou, Hai Feng Huang, Ting An, Hai Xia Hao, and Qing Pei

Abstract

The enthalpies of dissolution for di(N,N-di(2,4,6,-trinitrophenyl)amino)-ethylenediamine (DTAED) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP) were measured using a RD496-2000 Calvet microcalorimeter at 298.15 K. Empirical formulae for the calculation of the enthalpies of dissolution (Δdiss H) were obtained from the experimental data of the dissolution processes of DTAED in DMSO and NMP. The linear relationships between the rate (k) and the amount of substance (a) were found. The corresponding kinetic equations describing the two dissolution processes were for the dissolution of DTAED in DMSO, and for the dissolution of DTAED in NMP, respectively.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Kang-Zhen Xu, Xian-Gang Zuo, Hang Zhang, Biao Yan, Jie Huang, Hai-Xia Ma, Bo-Zhou Wang, and Feng-Qi Zhao

Abstract

A new high-energy organic potassium salt, 1-amino-1-hydrazino-2,2-dinitroethylene potassium salt [K(AHDNE)], was synthesized by reacting of 1-amino-1-hydrazino-2,2-dinitroethylene (AHDNE) and potassium hydroxide in methanol aqueous solution. The thermal behavior of K(AHDNE) was studied using DSC and TG/DTG methods and can be divided into three obvious exothermic decomposition processes. The decomposition enthalpy, apparent activation energy and pre-exponential factor of the first decomposition process were −2662.5 J g−1, 185.2 kJ mol−1 and 1019.63 s−1, respectively. The critical temperature of thermal explosion of K(AHDNE) is 171.38 °C. The specific heat capacity of K(AHDNE) was determined using a micro-DSC method, and the molar heat capacity is 208.57 J mol−1 K−1 at 298.15 K. Adiabatic time-to-explosion of K(AHDNE) was also calculated. K(AHDNE) presents higher thermal stability than AHDNE.

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