Authors:Han Jing-Tian, Sun Guo-Xin, Fang Jian-Hui, and Bao Bo-Rong
The extraction of uranium (VI) from nitric acid by N-octanoylpyrrolidine (OPOD) in toluene has been investigated at varying
concentrations of nitric acid, extractant, salting-out agent LiNO3 and at different temperatures. The mechanism of extraction is discussed in the light of the obtained results.
Authors:Zeng Shan, Yang Yan-zhao, Zhu Tao, Han Jian, and Luo Chang-Hong
The parameters affecting the formation of the microemulsion were investigated and the microemulsion region was determined. The extraction of uranium(VI) from HNO3 solution into a water in oil microemulsion was studied. The effects of the concentration of extractant (TRPO), the volume ratio of oil to water and the acidity of outer water phase on the extraction equilibrium of uranium(VI) are discussed and the appropriate conditions are obtained. The result showed the microemulsion has great efficiency for uranium(VI) extraction.
Authors:Yang Yan-Zhao, Liu Wen-Tao, Han Jian, Zeng Shan, and Sun Si-Xiu
The kinetics and mechanism of uranium(VI) extraction from nitric acid solution by bis(octylsulfinyl)methane (BOSM) are studied
with the method of stationary interface cell. The effects of temperature, extractant and nitric acid concentrations are discussed.
The results showed that the extraction process is controlled by the following reaction: UO2(NO3)2 + BOSM(i)⇄k1k-1UO2(NO3)2BOSM(i). The variation of enthalpy associated with the extraction is -22.1±2.1 kJ/mol.
Authors:Liu Wen-Tao, Zeng Shan, Yang Yan-Zhao, Han Jian, Zhu Tao, and Luo Chang-Hong
The i-butyldodecylsulfoxide (BDSO) was synthesized. The extraction of uranium(VI) has been carried out with BDSO in toluene from various HNO3 concentrations. It was found that the distribution ratio increases with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 3.0 mol/l and then decreases. The distribution ratios also increase with increasing extractant concentration. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2·2BDSO and the equilibrium constant value is 15.2. The influence of temperature, sodium nitrate and oxalate concentrations on the extraction was also investigated, and the thermodynamic functions of the extraction reaction were obtained.
Authors:Rashad Alkasir, Jianfang Wang, Jian Gao, Tariq Ali, Limei Zhang, Ottó Szenci, Árpád Csaba Bajcsy, and Bo Han
Trueperella (T.) pyogenes is an opportunistic pathogen that causes suppurative diseases in domestic animals. In this work, the properties, pathogenesis and phenotypic diversity of T. pyogenes isolates from bovine mastitis were studied. Both pyolysin (plo) and collagen-binding protein (cbp) virulence factor genes were detected by PCR in all T. pyogenes isolates (n = 50). Using the tissue culture plate method, 90% of T. pyogenes isolates were able to form biofilms. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 13 antimicrobials against T. pyogenes isolates were determined. High susceptibility was observed to rifampin (96%), ampicillin (94%), ciprofloxacin (94%), and penicillin (92%), while low susceptibility was found to trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (10%) and bacitracin (2%). The intracellular assay revealed that T. pyogenes isolates had different cytopathogenic effects on cells. The high percentage (28.6%) of T. pyogenes isolates suggests that this bacterium is an important contributor to mastitis. Moreover, the high occurrence of multidrug resistance, biofilm production, intracellular survival, and the temporal dynamics of T. pyogenes interactions are key factors for a better understanding of how immunity acts on infections with these bacteria and how they evade immune surveillance, thus highlighting the need for the prudent use of antimicrobial agents in veterinary medicine.
Authors:Han Jing-Tian, Shao Hua, Zhu Jian-Kang, Bao Bo-Rong, Cao Feng-Qi, and Wu Zi-Mei
N-dodecanoylpyrrolidine (DOPOD) was synthesized and used for the extraction of nitric acid and uranyl(VI) ions from nitric
media in toluene. The effects of nitric acid concentration, extractant concentration, temperature, salting-out agent (LiNO3) have been studied. The main adduct of DOPOD and HNO3 is HNO3·DOPOD. The complex formation of uranyl(VI) ion, nitrate ion and DOPOD (UO2(NO3)2·2DOPOD) as extracted species are further confirmed by IR spectra and the values of thermodynamic parameters have also been
Authors:Lun-cun Wei, Yun-cheng Zhong, Jian-wei Han, Bin Liang, Xiao-tang Ren, Jin-xiang Yu, and Ren-xing Li
By using the coincident measurement, an ERD method has been established and used for hydrogen profiling in thin foils. In the present study, 6 MeV has been used as incident particle, the scattered and the recoiled proton from one collision were coincidentally detected at 150 (proton) and 173.9 (). This method has been used for hydrogen profiling of 5.6 m Mylar and 8.6 m aluminium foils. Because of the coincident measurement, the background is largely reduced, and its minimum detection limit is about 0.5% (atomic), lower than the conventional ERD method. The measured depth resolution in 5.6 m Mylar is 0.6 m. It is possible to use this method for hydrogen profiling in thin foils of several micron thickness.
A novel metal-organic frameworks [Cu2(OH)(2,2′-bpy)2(BTC) · 2H2O]n (CuMOF, BTC = benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid, 2,2′-bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine) has been synthesized hydrothermally and characterized
by single crystal XRD, FT-IR spectra. The low-temperature molar heat capacities were measured by temperature modulated differential
scanning calorimetry (TMDSC) for the first time. The thermodynamic parameters such as entropy and enthalpy relative to reference
temperature 298.15 K were derived based on the above molar heat capacity data. Moreover, the thermal stability and the decomposition
mechanism of CuMOF were investigated by TG-MS (thermogravimetry-mass spectrometer). A four-stage mass loss was observed in
the TG curve. MS curve indicated that the gas products for oxidative degradation of CuMOF were H2O, CO2, NO and NO2.