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Pollack Periodica
Authors: Hasnae Boubel, Oumnia Elmrabet, Elmehdi Echebba, and Mohamed Rougui

Abstract

This study is concerned to the investigation of the stability of bridges by taking into account the soil structure interaction and their impact on the dynamic behavior of the structures. The bridge studied is localized at PK 318 + 750 at the national level, between the city of Al Hoceima and Kasseta (Morocco). The analyses are carried out with the ANSYS code demonstrated that for conditions of support, the distribution of displacements and the fundamental frequency for each type of soil change according to its mechanical properties. This work also indicates that the proximity of the fundamental frequencies of the soil structure and strongly influences the soil-structure interaction.

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Abstract

In this paper, an evaluation was tried for the impact of structural design on structural response. Several situations are foreseen as the possibilities of changing the distribution of the structural elements (sails, columns, etc.), the width of the structure and the number of floors indicates the adapted type of bracing for a given structure by referring only to its Geometric dimensions.

This was done by studying the effect of the technical design of the building on the natural frequency of the structure with the study of the influence of the distribution of the structural elements on the seismic response of the building, taking into account of the requirements of the Moroccan earthquake regulations 2000/2011 and using the ANSYS APDL and Robot Structural Analysis software.

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Abstract

In the context of verification of civil engineering structures stability and determination of sliding surface and safety factor, a careful analysis of several parameters was carried out to guarantee their safety against failure. To quantitatively forecast failure scope, the embankment dam located on Oued Rhiss in the province of Hocemia is chosen as the model of this study. A static stability analysis is performed by using the Slope/W software. A parametric study performed to evaluate the influence of dam's height, the height of water in the reservoir and the length of drains on the safety coefficient and pore pressures. Reliability analysis elaborated by using the Comrel application, and it allows to statistically quantifying the probability of failure by employing the Monte Carlo distribution. Results show that the dam structure has some weak zones and not strong enough as the safety factor is less than one, it is related to structure's parameters and the drainage system.

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