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Summary  

In recent years, with the attention to the radial-basis function by mathematicians, more and more research is concentrated on the Gaussian cardinal interpolation. The main purpose of this paper is to discuss the asymptotic behavior of Lebesgue constants of the Gaussian cardinal interpolation operator ℒλ from l (ℤ) into L (ℝ), that is, ∥ℒλ1. We obtain the strong asymptotic estimate of the Lebesgue constants which improves the results of Riemenschneider and Sivakumar in [11].

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Abstract

In our previous work (Scientometrics 87:293–301, 2011), a numerical model of over-competitive research funding in “peer-group-assessed-grant-based-funding-system” was proposed and the process was firstly investigated quantitatively. The simulation results show that the mainstream of a very complicated research topic could obtain monopoly supremacy with only the aid of the mechanism the model described. Here, the numbers of publications of cosmology back to 1950 are utilized to empirically test this positive feedback mechanism. The development of three main theories of cosmology, Big Bang, Steady State and Plasma Universe, are revisited. The later two, which are non-mainstream opinions, both state in their peer reviewed papers, that their theories fit the phenomena that support the standard theory. The ratios of publications of the orthodox theory, Big Bang, approximately satisfy the numeric calculating results of our model. The reason for the discrepancy between the model and actual situation is discussed. A further question about the controversy is presented.

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Abstract

Except the alphabetic ordering authorship papers, the citations of multi-authored papers are allocated to the authors based on their contributions to the paper. For papers without clarification of contribution proportion, a function of author number and rank is presented to rightly determine the credit allocated proportion and allocated citations of each author. Our citation allocation scheme is between the equally fractional counting and the one using the inverse of author rank. It has a parameter to adjust the credit distribution among the different authors. The allocated citations can either be used alone to indicate one's performance in a paper, or can be applied in the modification of h-index and g-index to represent the achievement of a scientist on the whole. The modified h-index and g-index of an author makes use of more papers in which he or she played important roles. Our method is suitable for the papers with wide range of author numbers.

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Abstract  

The kinetics of reduction reactions between N,N-dimethylhydroxylamine (DMHAN) and plutonium(IV) in nitric acid solution have been studied spectrophotometrically. The kinetic equation of the reaction is determined to be -d[Pu(IV)]/dt = k 0[Pu(IV)][DMHAN]1.18/[H+]2.22 at the beginning, where, the rate constant of the reaction (k 0) is 10.5 ± 1.8(mol/L)1.04 s−1 at 14.5 °C. By regressing of the time-concentration curve of the reaction, The complete rate equation is calculated as
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$- {\frac{\rm{d[Pu(IV)]}}{{{\rm{d}}t}}} = {\frac{{k [{\rm{Pu(IV)]}}^{ 2} [ {\rm{DMHAN]}}^{ 1. 1 8} / [ {\rm{H}}^{ + }]^{ 2. 2 2} }}{{ 8. 1 2 [ {\rm{Pu(III)]}} + 9 5. 9 [{\rm{Pu(IV)]}}}}}$$ \end{document}
with the reaction constant k about 1,000(mol/L)1.04 s−1 at 14.5 °C and an ionic strength (μ) of 4.0 mol/L.
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Abstract  

Both single stage and multi-stages experiments on stripping plutonium with N,N-dimethylhydroxylamine (DMHAN) as reductant with methylhydrozine (MMH) as supporting reductant were carried out. The effect of contact time, temperature, acidity, concentration of DMHAN on back-extraction rate of plutonium was investigated in the single stage experiment. The results demonstrated that the reaction of stripping Pu(IV) in the organic phase (30% TBP–kerosene) 1BF solutions by DMHAN exhibits excellent stripping efficiency. Under the given conditions, the back-extraction rate of plutonium reaches 90% within 2 min. Higher temperature, lower acidity and the increased concentration of DMHAN benifit the stripping reaction. The concentration profile of HNO3, uranium and plutonium were determined in a multi-stages mixer-settler after the steady state of the back-extraction, and the multi-stages results show that the plutonium can be separated effectively from uranium. The recovery of plutonium and uranium reach 99.995% or over 99.99% respectively. The separation factor of U from Pu (SFPu/U) is about 2 × 104.

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Gabriel González Núñez, Reine Meylaerts (eds)

Translation and Public Policy: Interdisciplinary Perspectives and Case Studies

Across Languages and Cultures
Authors:
Hui Liu
and
Liuyin Zhao
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Abstract

The aim of this study is to map the intellectual structure of digital library (DL) field in China during the period of 2002–2011. Co-word analysis was employed to reveal the patterns of DL field in China through measuring the association strength of keywords in relevant journals. Data was collected from Chinese Journal Full-Text Database during the period of 2002–2011. And then, the co-occurrence matrix of keywords was analyzed by the methods of multivariate statistical analysis and social network analysis. The results mainly include five parts: seven clusters of keywords, a two-dimensional map, the density and centrality of clusters, a strategic diagram, and a relation network. The results show that there are some hot research topics and marginal topics in DL field in China, but the research topics are relatively decentralized compared with the international studies.

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Abstract  

The eutectic binary phase diagrams of volatilizable energetic material 1,3,3-trinitroazetidine (TNAZ) with 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane (RDX) and 1-methyl-2,4-dinitroimidazole (MDNI) have been investigated by high pressure differential scanning calorimeter (PDSC), respectively. The liquefying and melting processes of TNAZ/RDX and TNAZ/MDNI volatilizable systems have been studied. On the basis of the data of apparent fusion heat and liquefying temperature, the phase diagrams of apparent fusion heat (H) with composition (X) and liquefying temperature (T) with composition (X) were constructed, respectively. The results showed that the gasification or volatilization of easy volatile energetic materials could be efficiently restrained by high pressure atmosphere, and the perfect and ideal phase diagrams can be constructed. The eutectic temperatures for TNAZ/RDX and TNAZ/MDNI are measured to be 95.5 and 82.3 °C, respectively. The eutectic compositions of mole ratios for the two systems are obtained to be 93.55/6.45 (TX method), 93.79/6.21 (H–X method) and 62.25/37.75 (TX method), 63.29/33.71 (HX method), respectively.

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Paeonia decomposita is a perennial deciduous shrub with great ornamental and medicinal values. Unfortunately, the distribution region, population size and individual numbers of P. decomposita rapidly decrease in the wild. It is a particularly rare, highly endangered, protective plant endemic to Southwest China. To understand the causes of seed dormancy of P. decomposita, the effects of aqueous extracts of the seed coat, endosperm of P. decomposita on germination, seedling growth and amylases activities of wheat seeds were examined in this paper. The results showed that the seed, especially the endosperm tissue of P. decomposita contained substances that strongly suppressed seed germination. The crude extract of endosperm of P. decomposita, which significantly reduced the activities of α and β-amylase, showed a more significant inhibition than that of seed coat at the same dose. It was concluded that the presence of inhibitory substances in seed, especially in endosperm tissue, seem to be responsible for P. decomposita seed dormancy.

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Abstract  

Atmospheric aerosols are generally collected on filters according to the International Monitoring System (IMS) designed in the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). More information could be revealed when the filter sample is pretreated rather than measured directly by g-ray spectrometer. Microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) is a suitable method that gives higher recoveries of elements from glass fibrous filters under different conditions. The results indicate that the MAE is a highly efficient and robust method for the treatment of glass fibrous filter samples. The recoveries of potential fission products from glass fibrous filter samples by microwave-assisted extraction meet the efficiency of the extraction by both aqua regia and 2% HCl.

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