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Through the examination of direct epigraphic sources, this paper will trace the South Semitic (Ancient South and North Arabian) and Nabataean inscriptions, whereas other Semitic texts will be studied later in a separate study. The paper studies the historical background of coin usage in the Ancient Near East, mainly in the area of ancient South and North Arabia. In addition to the occurrences of the term, an etymological attempt will also be put forward that explains the origins of the term within the Semitic languages.

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This essay is an analytical study of sixteen new Ancient North Arabian inscriptions collected by the author during an epigraphical survey in 2010 in the area of Ġadīr Al-Aḥmar in Al-Ṣafāwī Region Northeast Jordan. On the grounds of the shape of script and the language, these inscriptions are classified as Safaitic. The script was known in the region to the south and southeast of Damascus (including north and northeast of Jordan) and in north and northwest Saudi Arabia.

The goal of this analysis is to study the inscriptions, the semantics and morphology of the words and the proper nouns contained therein. Furthermore, the paper also identifies certain new vocabulary items, such as four personal names mentioned for the first time in the corpus of the Safaitic inscriptions.

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This paper aims at studying a group of fourteen Safaitic inscriptions collected during an epigraphical survey in the Haroun Region in Western Bādiyah of Jordan. The research deals with the verbs and names semantically and syntactically, with an outlook to their parallels in other Semitic languages. This group of inscriptions contains some new personal names, terms and nouns hitherto unrecorded in Safaitic inscriptions: šrr (No. 1), jrml (No. 2), fjl (No. 3), hdrs (No. 6), zblt (No. 7), kyl (No. 8), ′t (No. 9) and bdy (No. 9) are all new personal names in Safaitic; the term ′ns-h (No. 11) is attested for the first time in Safaitic in this form, and jfrt (No. 14) “young female camel” is a noun hitherto unrecorded elsewhere in Safaitic or other northwestern Semitic inscriptions.

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Bnctm rock inscriptions

An analytic study of new discovered Safaitic inscriptions from Deir al-Kahf in the Northeast of Jordan

Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Hussein M. Al Qudrah
Ibrahim S. Sadaqah
, and
Mahdi Alzoubi

This paper studies nine memorial Safaitic inscriptions from the town of Deir al-Kahf in Northern Badiyah, northeast of Jordan, along the Baghdad Highway road. The first seven are found to the east of the town, the other two are from the far north end. It seems that these inscriptions show the sadness and grief over an important person called Bnctm. The paper deals with the verbs and names semantically and syntactically, also considering their parallels in other Semitic languages.

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