The northwestern prevailing wind direction and episodic south-to-north trajectories connect Hungarian atmosphere to the west
and middle European as well as Mediterranean and Scandinavian regions that were covered by the 21 sampling sites active in
an international collaboration on air quality. Our present set of data collected in Debrecen during the past decade is added
to their data for comparison and the outcome is presented in this paper.
Thirty-seven episodes of dust intrusion were observed between February 12, 1991 and August 31, 2000 in the Hungarian atmosphere
and found to be of Saharan origin. They have been assigned to typical source areas in Northern Africa selected by systematic
investigations related to the Mediterranean Basin. Elemental concentrations and regional signatures deduced from PIXE analysis,
total suspended particle mass, and black carbon mass have been measured on dust samples collected in Debrecen, Hungary. These
data combined with Aerosol Index data, and dust plume axes obtained from TOMS data from NASA satellites were used for assigning
the most probable source areas of the dust transported to the sampling site. Our data and conclusions are in accordance with
other published investigations on the predominant role of Saharan dust emission in building up the aerosol load of the global
Elemental concentrations of P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br, Rb have been determined in erythrocyte and blood plasma samples from normal and diabetic human pregnancies. Average values, the dependence of the concentrations on the time during gestation period, the correlation coefficients for pairs of elements as well as for the same elements in plasma and erythrocyte samples are given. A marked difference appeared in a number of cases between normal and diabetic pregancies.
It is demonstrated that combined PIXE and PIGE measurements are suitable for the accurate determination of the elemental concentration of glass samples. Borosilicate glasses used as high voltage insulators in Van de Graaff accelerators and tested for the relevant physical properties have been analyzed. A correlation between concentrations and physical properties has been found, supporting the additivity rule.