The study, similarly to the two prevoius ones, reviews the central problems of medieval archaeology. Owing to the coplexity of the town research, the results of other braches of sciences are integrated: the manifold source material can only be used with proper criticism. The organic evolution of the town can be supported by archaeological evidences and the changes of the topography has to be followed. The examples from medieval Hungary were chosen from among the results of the most characteristic investigations.
The “Three Magi stove” in the Royal Palace of Buda
. The study describes “ The Three Magi stove” built in the royal palace in Buda. It was named after the topic of the stove tiles: the Magi riding on horses one by one at the bottom (only the rich Swiss find material implies it) and the scene of the Annunciation on two tiles. The Magi greeting the Child can separately be found on the upper part of the stove (only a single tile has been preserved and a fragment of another one), together with Maria sitting with the Child (fragment). The tiles of Apostle St Mathias and a royal figure could be found above them. The characteristic technical novelty of the stove was the use of white tin glaze and also blue tin glaze on certain tiles, while the tin glaze was yellow and green on the rest of the tiles. According to two preserved coat-of-arms, those of Bavaria-Pfalz and Württemberg, we suppose that the stove was ordered by a Bavarian prince from a master from Switzerland or Bavaria.