The hydrated rare earth orthophosphates LnPO4 ·xH2O (Ln=La-Dy) contain zeolitic water in the structural channels, which is released reversibly up to 300°. The thermal stabilities of the hydrates depend upon the nature of the Ln atom. The dehydration temperature decreases with decreasing ionic radiusr of Ln3+, according to the general equationθ=(r−a)/b (whereθ is the DSC and/or DTG dehydration peak temperature, anda andb are empirical constants depending on the experimental conditions).
The invasive gelechiid moth, potato tuberworm Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller, 1873) was first recorded in Hungary (Komló, Baranya County) and Northern Croatia (Lug, Osijek-Baranja County) in December 2015. This quarantine species has not been reported from Hungary so far and it was known in Croatia only from the coastal region. The occurrence of Ph. operculella in the Carpathian basin is of great concern as this invader is able to cause negative impacts on the Hungarian potato cultivation. This occurrence of the species is one of the northernmost data in Europe so far.
We prove central limit theorems and related asymptotic results for where W is a Wiener process and Sk are partial sums of i.i.d. random variables with mean 0 and variance 1. The integrability and smoothness conditions made on f are optimal in a number of important cases.
Authors:M. Tóth, I. Sivcev, I. Ujváry, I. Tomasek, Z. Imrei, P. Horváth and I. Szarukán
Trap designs baited with the synthetic sex pheromone have been optimized for trapping of the western corn rootworm Diabrotica v. virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) (WCR), which has recently been introduced into Europe. The best trap design proved to be the sticky “cloak” trap (code name “PAL”), which catches only males, and is being used in many countries of Europe for detection and monitoring the spread of the new pest. Preliminarily the range of attraction (as defined by Wall and Perry, 1987) of the pheromone traps was estimated to be <10 m. The performance of yellow sticky plates (used by others for monitoring of the pest) was insignificant as compared to the activity of the pheromone baited traps, and yellow colour had no discernible effect on catches in pheromone traps. The known floral lure of WCR containing 4-methoxy-cinnamaldehyde and indole proved to be active also towards the population in Europe, attracting both females and males. Yellow colour slightly increased catches by the floral lure, hence a yellow sticky “cloak” trap has been developed (code name PALs). Pheromone baited PAL traps caught a total of about 4 times more beetles than the floral baited PALs, which latter however appeared to be preferentially active for females. When placed into the same trap, the pheromonal and floral lures did not interfere with each other's activity.
Authors:Á. Horváth, P. Sántha, V. Horváth, Nóra Török, I. Nagy, G. Jancsó, Cs. Vágvölgyi and F. Somogyvári
A new, rapid method is described which permits the genotyping of genetically modified animals from a microlitre volume of whole blood samples via one step polymerase chain reaction amplification. The major advantage of the presented method is the exclusion of a DNA preparation step, which significantly reduces the time expenditure and work load of the genetic testing. Pilot studies indicate, that this method is efficient and applicable also on tissue biopsies and larger amount of blood providing a rapid and reliable new technique over conventional genotyping approaches.
Authors:B. Oláhné Horváth, E. Fazekas, N. Kellner and I. Magyar
Medium chain fatty acids are candidates of partial sulphur dioxide replacement in wine, as a solution to the growing consumer concerns about chemical additives. In botrytised sweet wine specialties, large amount of sulphur dioxide addition is one of the effective practices to stop alcoholic fermentation. Increasing medium chain fatty acid levels up to 80 mg l-1 was tested as a sole inhibitor on solid agar surface. S. bacillaris seemed to be the most sensitive, S. cerevsisiae and S. bayanus were more tolerant, while Z. bailii showed the highest tolerance. Then, increasing medium chain fatty acid levels up to 40 mg l-1 combined with 100 mg l-1 sulphur dioxide was introduced into a Tokaj Essence under refermentation. After 56 days, the highest dosage had pronounced effect on the yeast population, but the refermentation was not inhibited completely. Medium chain fatty acids have varying inhibitory effect on botrytised wine-related yeasts, moreover, it could be used effectively in media with high ethanol content, unlike Tokaj Essence.