A rapid and selective method has been developed for the substoichiometric extraction of Ag/I/with 1,2,3-benzotriazole /1,2,3-BT/ in chloroform in the presence of versenate. The effect of various parameters such as pH, time of equilibration, solvent, anions, cations, etc., on the extraction coefficient value has been studied. The stoichiometry of the extracted species of 11 /Ag:1,2, 3-BT/ was obtained by the slope ratio method and substoichiometric extraction. Decontamination factors for most elements in the substoichiometric extraction of Ag/I/ were found to be higher than 104.
A novel method has been developed for the extraction of Pd/II/ with 1,2,3-benzotriazole /1,2,3-BT/ into methyl isobutyl ketone /MIBK/ at a pH of 4.0. The effects of pH, time of equilibration, solvent, anions and cations on the extraction coefficient have been evaluated. The stoichiometry of the extracted species of 12 was obtained by the slope ratio method and by the method of substoichiometric extraction. Separation factors and decontamination factors for a number of elements in the extraction of Pd/II/ were also obtained.
A rapid, selective and simple method have been developed for the determination of palladium in alloys and ores by thermal neutron activation analysis, incorporating substoichiometric solvent extraction of Pd/II/ with 1,2,3-benzotriazole /1,2,3-BT/ into methyl iso-butyl ketone /MIBK/. Two samples and a standard can be processed and counted within two hours.
A new and rapid method has been developed for the quantitative extraction of Ru/III/ with 1,2,3-benzotriazole /1,2,3-BT/ into 1-pentanol. The extraction coefficient value of Ru/III/ between 1-pentanol and an aqueous 5% solution of 1,2,3-BT in 2M sodium acetate-acetic acid buffer showed a maximum value of E=46 at pH 4.5. The effect of various other parameters on the extraction coefficient of Ru/III/ such as solvents, anions, cations, etc. have also been studied. The stoichiometry of metal:reagent determined by the method of substoichiometric extraction and slope ratio method was found to be 13. Decontamination factors for many elements in the substoichiometric extraction of Ru/III/ were also evaluated.
A rapid and selective method has been developed for the determination of Ag in biological samples and mineral ores by thermal neutron activation analysis employing substoichiometric extraction with 1,2,3-benzotriazole /1,2,3-BT/ into chloroform. The time required for the radiochemical purification and counting of two samples was 1 h. 4.84 g Ag can be determined with an accuracy of 7.44% and a precision of 3.57%.
Authors:J. Godoy, I. Moreira, M. Bragança, C. Wanderley, and L. Mendes
Sedimentation rates in Guanabara Bay were determined by applying the210Pb CRS method to sediment cores collected at five different stations. The results showed a pronounced increase from 0.1–0.2
cm·year−1 to 1–2 cm·year−1, in sedimentation rate, over the last 40–50 years. Observed heavy metal profiles in sediment could also be explained on the
basis210Pb dating and local industrial history.