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  • Author or Editor: I. Pálinkó x
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Various copper(II) complexes as guests were immobilised among the layers of montmorillonite or on silica gel as hosts. Anchoring took place through hydrogen bonds and ion exchange for montmorillonite, while the forces of interaction were either hydrogen bonding or covalent bonds for the copper complex-silica gel nanohybrids. The thermal stabilities of these substances were studied under oxidizing atmosphere and it was found that anchoring increased the durability of the host-guest complexes relative to the host-free ones.

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Abstract  

Polymorphic transitions of α-phenylcinnamic acid stereoisomers crystallized from various solvents (CHCl3, ethanol, diethyl ether), precipitated with different acids (acetic acid or HCl) or sublimed have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Measurements were also supplemented by powder X-ray diffractometry (XRD). Polymorphic transitions were not found for any of the E isomer samples irrespective of the method of treatment. However, in heating-cooling cycles reversible transitions could be detected for the Z isomer. On heating an exothermic peak was registered on samples sublimed, crystallized from ethanol or diethyl ether before melting, while samples precipitated by HCl or crystallized from chloroform exhibited more complex transitions. Here, endothermic effects were also observed. Enthalpy values for transformations (either for melting or polymorphic and other transitions) are also given.

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Natural montmorillonite was pillared by various polyhydroxy cations. The resulting pillared layer clays (PILCs) were characterized by X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared (IR) spectroscopies. The thermal behaviour of Al-PILC was investigated in detail by a combonation of XRD, derivatography IR spectroscopy and a comparison to natural montmorillonite is given. It was found that thermal stability of Al-PILC is lower than that of natural montmorillonite. However, heat treatment in the stability region results in significant sintering of natural montmorillonite, while the interlayer spacing of Al-PILC is hardly affected.

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Abstract  

Mg-Al L(ayered) D(ouble) H(ydroxide) was prepared and its thermal behaviour was characterized by thermoanalytical methods (TG, DTG, DTA), 27Al M(agic) A(ngle) S(pinning) NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and S(canning) E(lectron) M(icroscopy). Heat treatment destroyed the layered structure, which could only be partially reconstituted by rehydration. On calcination mixed oxide with the predominance of basic sites were formed. Pillaring the LDH with Fe(CN)6 4- anions was also performed. The material was characterized by XRD and BET measurements. Heat stability of the pillared substance was investigated, too. Pillaring proved to be successful, however, decreased heat resistance was found in the intercalated material relative to the guest LDH.

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