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Abstract  

We have demonstrated the feasibility of determining isotope ratios in very small samples of osmium by deuteron activation in the Livermore Tandem Van de Graaff accelerator. The method involves determination of cross-section ratios by using several osmium isotope mixtures carefully prepared from electromagnetically-enriched osmium isotopes. The accuracy of this method was checked by a determination of the isotope ratios in naturally-occurring osmium. Our analysis demonstrated that an osmium specimen removed from a sample of commercial grade perrhenic acid contained only 0.4% natural osmium, the rest being radiogenic187Os.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: J. McAninch, A. Marchetti, B. Bergquist, N. Stoyer, G. Nimz, M. Caffee, R. Finkel, K. Moody, E. Sideras-Haddad, B. Buchholz, B. Esser, and I. Proctor

Abstract  

Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) is an established technique for the detection of long-lived radionuclides at environmental levels. At LLNL, planned facility upgrades and advances in detection techniques are allowing us to explore the applicability of AMS to isotopes not previously pursued. One such isotope is99Tc. We have performed a number of preliminary tests to examine the technical feasibility of AMS for the detection of99Tc. The questions addressed were negative ion production in the cesium sputter source, transport efficiency for the ions through the spectrometer, and detection efficiency for99Tc ions after the spectrometer. Based on the positive results of these tests, we have begun to develo measurement protocol.

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