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Résumé  

On a appliqué l'activation aux photons à l'analyse non-destructive de roches étalons USGS. 16 éléments sont dosés. On a irradié simultanément l'échantillon de roche et les étalons multiéléments dans un bremsstrahlung de 30 MeV, et on a mesuré l'activité des adioisotopes produits par les réactions (λ,n)et (λ,p) avec un détecteur Ge(Li). La validité de la méthode est démontrée par les résultats obtenus pour ces roches. Les résultats concernent les éléments suivants: Na, Mg, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Ba et Ce.

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Abstract  

The concentrations of Cl, K and Na were analyzed in human body fluids (whole blood and serum) using NAA, resulting in the first biochemical baseline values for the Brazilian population. These data permitted us a discussion about the advantages and limitations of using this analytical technique for clinical chemistry.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: T. Braun, P. Bull, J. Fardy, I. Haiduc, F. Macasek, W. McDowell, N. Misak, J. Navratil, and T. Sato

Abstract  

Some recent developments in separation techniques with applications to nuclear analytical methods are summarised. The projects discussed are part of an International Atomic Energy Agency Coordinated Research Programme and cover both fundamental studies of the mechanism of various separation processes, and practical applications of novel radiochemical procedures. The processes include methods of sorption, ion exchange and solvent extraction. Applications to neutron activation analysis, photon electron rejecting alpha liquid scintillation spectrometry and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry are described.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: M. Pham, M. Betti, P. Povinec, M. Benmansour, V. Bünger, J. Drefvelin, C. Engeler, J. Flemal, C. Gascó, J. Guillevic, R. Gurriaran, M. Groening, J. Happel, J. Herrmann, S. Klemola, M. Kloster, G. Kanisch, K. Leonard, S. Long, S. Nielsen, J.-S. Oh, P. Rieth, I. Östergren, H. Pettersson, N. Pinhao, L. Pujol, K. Sato, J. Schikowski, Z. Varga, V. Vartti, and J. Zheng

Abstract  

A new certified reference material (CRM) for radionuclides in sea water from the Irish sea (IAEA-443) is described and the results of the certification process are presented. Ten radionuclides (3H, 40K, 90Sr, 137Cs, 234U, 235U, 238U, 238Pu, 239+240Pu and 241Am) have been certified, and information values on massic activities with 95% confidence intervals are given for four radionuclides (230Th, 232Th, 239Pu and 240Pu). Results for less frequently reported radionuclides (99Tc, 228Th, 237Np and 241Pu) are also reported. The CRM can be used for quality assurance/quality control of the analysis of radionuclides in water samples, for the development and validation of analytical methods and for training purposes. The material is available in 5 L units from IAEA (http://nucleus.iaea.org/rpst/index.htm).

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