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Abstract  

Lead concentrations of atmospheric particulate matter were measured systematically by X-ray fluorescence method at three sites of Debrecen city over long periods. The time dependence of Pb concentration level in air was investigated and compared with literature data. High variation was found in lead concentration values with respect to place and time.

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Summary  

Elérhetoség

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Abstract  

Aerosol samples collected around the Chilean site Lonquimay during major volcanic activities in January 1989 have been subjected to microPIXE measurements of 1 mm lateral resolution in the Debrecen Institute. Elemental concentrations relative to calcium have been determined for Al, Si, P, S, K, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Ba in 187 individual aerosol particles with the particle sizes between 15 mm and 1 mm. On the basis of a cluster analysis performed on the data set we defined eight clusters. Scatter plots for selected pairs of elements as Si/Al, K/Si, S/Cl, and Al/S elemental ratios that are considered as signatures characterizing types and mechanisms in volcanic eruption - have been compared with published data available in the literature for various volcanic sites.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: P. Rózsa, Z. Elekes, Gy. Szöőr, A. Simon, J. Simulák, I. Uzonyi, and Á. Kiss
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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: P. Rózsa, Z. Elekes, Gy. Szöőr, A. Simon, J. Simulák, I. Uzonyi, and Á. Kiss

Abstract  

The aim of the current paper is to map minerals mainly of Carpathian obsidian glasses by nuclear microprobe based on the particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE) providing analytical data on them for the first time. Some samples from Armenia, Greece are also involved to make a comparison with the Carpathian specimens. The following minerals are identified and analyzed: pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite, pyrite, zircon, pyroxene, biotite, plagioclase feldspar, and anhydrite. On the basis of rock-forming silicate minerals, some petrologic processes are outlined. With the identification of accessory minerals (anhydrite, pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite, pyrite), some geological conclusions are also drawn.

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