Chlamydophila pneumoniae is an obligate intracellular human pathogen, which causes acute respiratory tract infections and can also cause chronic infections.C. pneumoniae possess type III secretion system (TTSS), which allows them to secrete effector molecules into the inclusion membrane and the host cell cytosol. Low calcium response protein E (LcrE) is a part of TTSS. The gene of LcrE in a 6His-tagged form was cloned from C. pneumoniae CWL029, expressed and purified from Escherichia coli using the HIS-select TALON CellThru Resin, this gene was also cloned into a eukaryotic expression vector (pΔRC). One group of BALB/c mice received an intramuscular pΔRC inoculation then the mice were immunized with purified LcrE protein; the second group of mice was immunized two times with the recombinant plasmid (pΔRCLcrE), and the third group was primed with pΔRCLcrE inoculation then boosted with LcrE protein. LcrE-specific antibody response was induced by DNA immunization with a shift towards Th1 isotype pattern compared to protein-immunization, this shifting pattern was observed in plasmid primed then protein-boosted animals. DNA immunization given as a priming and followed by a protein booster significantly reduced the number of viable bacteria in the lungs after challenge with C. pneumoniae. These results confirm that immunization with pΔRCLcrE can be an effective part of a vaccination schedule against C. pneumoniae.
Authors:Ildikó Faludi, Ágnes Szabó, Katalin Burián, Valéria Endrész and A. Miczák
Mycobacterium smegmatis is a species of rapidly growing saprophytes with a number of properties that make it an effective vaccine vector. Recombinant M. smegmatis expressing protective antigens of different pathogens and molecules modulating the immune responses offers some potential for reduction of the burden of tuberculosis, HIV and hepatitis B infections. This paper discusses the molecular methods used to generate recombinant M. smegmatis and the results obtained with some of these recombinants.
Authors:Ágnes Szabó, Zoltán Sipák, András Miczák and Ildikó Faludi
Better vaccines and new therapeutic drugs could be a successful breakthrough against intracellular bacteria. M. tuberculosis ABC transporter ATPase (Rv0986) plays a role in mycobacterial virulence by inhibiting phagosome-lysosome fusion. Thus, it could be a potential vaccine candidate. C. pneumoniae another important intracellular bacterium possesses a protein named CpB0255, which is homologous with the mycobacterial Rv0986. The aim of this study was the cloning, over-expression and purification of CpB0255 ABC transporter ATPase protein to study its biological properties. The immunogenicity and protective effect of recombinant chlamydial ATPase protein combined with Alum adjuvant were investigated in mice. The immunization resulted in the reduction of the number of viable C. pneumoniae in the lungs after challenge. Our results confirm that chlamydial ATPase induces protective immunity in mice.
Authors:Ildikó Faludi, Ágnes Csanádi, Ágnes Szabó, Katalin Burián, Valéria Endrész and A. Miczák
possesses a type III secretion system (TTSS), which allows the bacteria to secrete effector molecules into the inclusion membrane and into the cytosol of the host cell. Low calcium response protein H (LcrH), as a part of the TTSS, is a chaperone protein expressed from the middle to late stages of the chlamydial developmental cycle. Gene of LcrH (CPn0811) in a 6His-tagged form was cloned from
CWL029, expressed and purified from
using the HIS-select TALON CellThru Resin. The purity was checked with mass spectrometry. The samples were used for immunization of BALB/c mice. The inducible
clone, which over-expresses the chlamydial LcrH, permits the study of the biological properties of this protein.