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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Ilona Dóczi, Zoltán Pető, Eleonóra Fodor, László Bereczki, Elisabeth Nagy, and Edit Hajdú

The incidence of Candida species causing bloodstream infections in the University Hospital of Szeged, Hungary, between 1996 and 2009, and the susceptibilities of these isolates to antifungal agents were evaluated.Automated blood culture systems (Vital, bioMérieux, Marcy-l’Etoile, France; and BACTEC 9120, Becton-Dickinson Diagnostic Systems, Sparks, USA) were used. The in vitro susceptibilities of the yeast isolates to antifungal agents were determined by the Etest method (AB Biodisk, Solna, Sweden).Bloodstream infections were caused by yeast strains in 231 cases during this period, and 226 Candida strains were cultured from 216 candidaemia patients. Bloodstream infections caused by multiple Candida spp. were diagnosed almost every year. Of the 216 patients, 67 were children; and 55 infants needed intensive care. In 2005, C. glabrata caused an increase in the incidence of invasive fungal infections in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. The PFGE analysis of 12 isolates distinguished 4 different karyotypes. The incidence of bloodstream infections caused by fungi did not change during the 14-year study period. The most frequent species cultured from blood samples were C. albicans and C. glabrata. The incidence of resistant isolates remained constant. The local trends of fungaemia must be monitored and compared with global reports.

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