Marcabru, the last representative of the first generation of troubadours had a very complex personality. The short study wishes to prove the real closeness of the poem Pax in nomine Domini as for poetical atmosphere to Christian doctrine. To go beyond strereotypes, the study shows slight differences between meanings of biblical texts and common traditions. All this reflection is a part of greater research which tends to reveal and prove a supposition on an important relationship between courtly and mystical poetry.
The following study shows metaphorical meanings of a verb(païr) that comes from the religious tradition. Two texts will be presented: a poem of Raimbaut d'Aurenga and an occitan short story. Both speak about love and both use païr in a somewhat unusual way. In the poem, païr expresses love of the Domna; in the short story, after their marriage, lovers take new names and the wife has one that contains païr. The study tries to reveal a possible literary relationship between semantic fields of païr and aimer.
The following study continues the long-lasting debate on the authentic interpretation of the famous poem Dulcis Iesu memoria. As part of a major work, the paper shows the literary character of the deeply religious poem, still very popular these days, underlining its troubadour features. As the English origin of the poem has been revealed by André Wilmart, philological problems are not treated here; however, the mainstream tradition is accepted in a particular way: Saint Bernard did not write but did inspire the poem. It was the specific cultural and literary environment that exerted an obvious influence on the author, on the troubadour saint and inconnu as well.
This study deals with a so far not too often analysed old Provençal short story, which is a particular version of Sleeping Beauty. After an analysis of biblical vocabulary background and a presentation of various hidden oppositions in the novas, the paper focuses on the meaning of the speaking names, on the miracles and on the duplicated persons. As the second young couple plays a crucial role in the plot, it is necessary to find its identity and comprehensive literary function. The study concludes affirming that the short story shows the decline of fin'amor by a charming mixture of Christian, antique and popular beliefs. Among the three, it is the third that prevails, as the magic herb seems strong enough to wake up the dead princess. Even though the fin'amors ideology is still present, it is not predominating any more and cannot resolve the greatest human tragedy.