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The efficiency of photovoltaic modules and their performance depends on the value of irradiation and on the temperature of the module. The temperature of the modules can be reduced with the suitable set-up of the modules giving an opportunity to the natural (buoyancy driven) flows for cooling the PV modules. Present work is aimed at defining the heat transfer coefficients of the modules, using the methods of the computational fluid dynamics. The heat transfer coefficients are defined at the typical placements of modules and in the case of average wind speeds typical in Hungary. Such values could be used to define the accurate working temperature.
The most common way to measure solar radiation is the horizontal global irradiation measured by a pyranometer. To use the collected data in photovoltaic energy-yield prediction a mathematical model can be made from average data’s of more years. These global horizontal values to be used on tilted surfaces like a solar module, should be transformed, according to the incident angle of the solar beam. But there is a diffuse component also, which has to be determined, because it should be transformed in different way. This work is a case study, where data modeling and the transformation process will be shown using the data collected for Pecs/Hungary, and transformed for an existing site on Komlo, the RATI Ltd’s zero energy factory and also a LabView program has been made based on these data, to be used in the complete ‘heat transfer based photovoltaic-yield model’.
The design of the envelope in high-rise office buildings is a task of great importance as it can impact the entire building's energy performance. The study presented in this paper is an extension of a previous work reporting on the optimization of the façade and the shading systems of an east-west facing high-rise office building. This study aims to investigate the façade geometry design factors for other potential orientations, e.g., south, south-east, and south-west directions. The IDA ICE 4.8 complex dynamic building energy simulation program was used to assess thermal and lighting simulations. The optimization results revealed the best-performing façade configurations, appropriate for each orientation examined in terms of thermal comfort, visual comfort, and energy consumption.
The reduction of energy consumption is a major issue nowadays that should be considered during the design process. High-rise buildings represent a building type with significantly high energy consumption. They serve typically as offices with fully glazed façades, generating considerable energy demand. This study aims to optimize the envelope and the shading systems of a high-rise office building (Middle Europe). For this purpose, multiple façade variants were tested by assessing the thermal and visual comfort, as well as energy demand. The IDA ICE 4.8 building energy simulation program was used for thermal and lighting modeling and to carry out building physics calculations. Results revealed the best performing, optimized façade configuration in terms of comfort and energy efficiency.
The optimization of high-rise office buildings' envelope and the application of energy-efficient measures have become a priority nowadays. Therefore, this investigation aims to assess the role of the façade's geometry design factors, e.g., folded façade perforation, window orientation, and window-to-wall ratio on building comfort and energy performance. The energy simulations were performed using IDA ICE 4.8 thermal simulation program to evaluate the thermal and visual comfort and the energy consumption of various façade test models. The optimization resulted in a façade model with a great level of thermal and visual comfort as well as a total energy reduction of 14%, representing a good compromise solution in the trade-off between thermal and visual comfort as well as energy efficiency.
Energy storage on grid level is still a critical issue. Inventions related to development and control of smart buildings, including integrated solar systems can be easily realized by smart control of building management including storage. At buildings, which have high heat capacitance the part of the stored heat can be used for grid stabilization. This means the grid can be balanced with well-set up heating/cooling strategy and well-scheduled timetable via intelligent control of buildings. A possible solution is introduced in this paper, where the surplus production is used for overcooling the building, while the building thermodynamic properties are making it possible to store this amount of energy for days. This paper analyses a cost-effective solution of grid energy storage through a case study.
The algorithms are the part of the life which could give a solution for simple and complex problems. Most of the ways are easy, but the basics are always made by predetermined steps. The peculiarity of the sciences can be explained with these process-based principles. The following rules are the same in the architecture also. Nowadays the algorithms are more improved the fact of the expectations of the 21st century. The creator can make a lot of rules which can support the workflow with the correct logical connections.
Since the computer aided design became available, the relationship between the architecture and information sciences getting stronger. To solve the most of the problems, it needs information technology programing techniques, logical methods and algorithms. The free geometric design, the compliance constraint with economic aspects, analysis and the optimization processes require new solutions.
The article will give an overview about the expectations of the future architects along the general knowledge and the practical examples. The study will show the development of the new professions according to the increased amount of data. Examine the competence of the contemporary architects and look for the issue of ‘the architect is a programmer.’
Building information modeling is a complex and structure-based methodology. It applies predefined steps and frameworks; however, an audit procedure can be complicated and time-consuming. The steps of the evaluations are based on logical connections that also form algorithms in a manual workflow. Algorithms can be interpreted by computers with the help of software languages. A higher level of automation, more efficient workflows, and more economical and accurate results can be developed by using algorithms.