In general, people do not connect a concert and conference center with a structure that incorporates ecological energy use and material saving construction methods . A sustainable energy-conscious building has been developed, through a new and unique interpretation of functions and space, organically integrating the individual buildings into the energy concept and by utilizing the laws of the local environmental energy as well as specific laws of physics and acoustics.
The energy and climate concept of the flagship research institute of the University of Pécs is the result of a three-stage development. The prototypical structures and building services of the first two concepts were developed in line with the financial circumstances and grants and the rationalized third concept became an object for construction research. Through the expansion of the building services and energy supply systems, the building itself has become a ‘measuring apparatus’ for sustainable building construction.
The Szentágothai János Research Center in Pécs brings computer based building physics simulations to reality closer than ever. This high class building ads ground to several medical research programs and lectures, but it also gives a rare opportunity to improve computer simulations with its’ Building Management System (BMS from now on). The system does not only allow the complex building services system to be remotely controlled from a single computer, but also gathers important data related to the buildings’ physical performance, for example: room temperatures; air flow rates; geothermal pipe performance; and energy consumption of heat pumps. By comparing the results of a zone based building physics simulation model of the building, enhancement of the precision of the simulations and optimization of the actual buildings energy consumption can be done, by trying out different maintenance strategies.The first step is to build the computer model to be as precise as possible. In the zone based physical model, energy flows between zones, but the zones themselves often lack precise physical attributes, like energy loss through heat bridges. In this paper we will show how 2D finite element heat transfer simulations improve, zone base whole building simulations.
The energy demand of the built environment is almost 50% of the total energy demand of a national economy. What solutions can architects offer to reduce environmental and energy problems? One of the most effective methods to develop highly efficient, sustainable building systems is a research program based on energy simulations and monitoring of the building management. The research team, the Author involved in, is on the right way to lay down milestones of an accurate design method to be able to predict and minimize the total energy needs of the building as early as the design phase. Pre- and post-processing energetic and climatic simulations are made during the whole design process. Based on the simulation results continuous alteration can be developed on the planned building complex. The main purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the dynamic simulation and measurement concept of the program in an actual demonstration building of the University of Pécs, which is one of Hungary’s first energy efficient industrial and office buildings with energy-plus potential.
The most common way to measure solar radiation is the horizontal global irradiation measured by a pyranometer. To use the collected data in photovoltaic energy-yield prediction a mathematical model can be made from average data’s of more years. These global horizontal values to be used on tilted surfaces like a solar module, should be transformed, according to the incident angle of the solar beam. But there is a diffuse component also, which has to be determined, because it should be transformed in different way. This work is a case study, where data modeling and the transformation process will be shown using the data collected for Pecs/Hungary, and transformed for an existing site on Komlo, the RATI Ltd’s zero energy factory and also a LabView program has been made based on these data, to be used in the complete ‘heat transfer based photovoltaic-yield model’.
The optimization of high-rise office buildings' envelope and the application of energy-efficient measures have become a priority nowadays. Therefore, this investigation aims to assess the role of the façade's geometry design factors, e.g., folded façade perforation, window orientation, and window-to-wall ratio on building comfort and energy performance. The energy simulations were performed using IDA ICE 4.8 thermal simulation program to evaluate the thermal and visual comfort and the energy consumption of various façade test models. The optimization resulted in a façade model with a great level of thermal and visual comfort as well as a total energy reduction of 14%, representing a good compromise solution in the trade-off between thermal and visual comfort as well as energy efficiency.
The application of natural ventilation strategies in high-rise office buildings is considered one of the most promising trends to address high energy performance and enhance the indoor thermal comfort levels in interior office spaces. In this regard, this study attempts to assess the potential of natural ventilation strategies of a specific, previously investigated, envelope design of a high-rise office building located in a temperate climate zone. Different summer natural ventilation approaches were tested using the building energy simulation program IDA ICE 4.8, evaluating thermal comfort and energy demand. The findings indicated that considerable energy savings can be achieved, compared to conventional mechanical ventilation and air conditioning systems.
The design of the envelope in high-rise office buildings is a task of great importance as it can impact the entire building's energy performance. The study presented in this paper is an extension of a previous work reporting on the optimization of the façade and the shading systems of an east-west facing high-rise office building. This study aims to investigate the façade geometry design factors for other potential orientations, e.g., south, south-east, and south-west directions. The IDA ICE 4.8 complex dynamic building energy simulation program was used to assess thermal and lighting simulations. The optimization results revealed the best-performing façade configurations, appropriate for each orientation examined in terms of thermal comfort, visual comfort, and energy consumption.
The reduction of energy consumption is a major issue nowadays that should be considered during the design process. High-rise buildings represent a building type with significantly high energy consumption. They serve typically as offices with fully glazed façades, generating considerable energy demand. This study aims to optimize the envelope and the shading systems of a high-rise office building (Middle Europe). For this purpose, multiple façade variants were tested by assessing the thermal and visual comfort, as well as energy demand. The IDA ICE 4.8 building energy simulation program was used for thermal and lighting modeling and to carry out building physics calculations. Results revealed the best performing, optimized façade configuration in terms of comfort and energy efficiency.
Due to negative environmental changes and the energy supply problems of the society the EPBD 2010/31/EU prescribes for EU member states to ensure that by 2021 all new buildings are nearly zero energy buildings. The Energydesign® research team of the University of Pécs has developed a research-design method applicable for building climate, energy, aerodynamic and architectural technology modeling of smart energy-plus buildings. This problem-solving matrix arranges the systematic structured planning process, calculations, complex analysis, dynamic energy-climate and computational fluid dynamics simulation control of buildings through a finite number of algorithmic steps. The description of the logged design steps is meant to be an instructional process-guide, the Energydesign Roadmap.