This paper aims to give a concise review of contemporary Hungarian researches carried out in the field of “law and literature”. It evokes the preliminaries form previous century’s in Hungarian legal philosophy, and it discusses the recent achievements by taking a closer look on the results of three subsequent symposia organized in 2006, 2008 and the previous year. In conclusion, the paper outlines the possible directions for further development of certain aspects of legal education and the critical potential of “law and literature” studies.
This essay aims to explore the political and legal philosophical layers of J.R.R. Tolkien’s masterpiece. First, it demonstrates the ambivalent feature of power and authority appearing in The Lord of the Rings. The second part gives a reading of Tolkien’s philosophical anthropology. Next, it is shown how Tolkien’s concept of law can be placed in the framework of a Lockean political theory. Finally, the paper discusses the educational potential of this literary work in the process of moral and legal socialization of the “lawyers-to-be”.
This article discusses the position of legal anthropology among the legal sciences and its interdisciplinary character through the example of the socio-legal studies of the Hungarian Roma minority. The first part illustrates the place of legal anthropology among the other legal and social disciplines, and its role in legal thinking, by the analysis of a practical question, “What can we do to improve the social position of the Hungarian Roma minority by legal means?” The second part considers the importance of legal anthropology in the Hungarian Roma studies, briefly sketching the characteristics of the ethnological, sociological and cultural anthropological approaches. Finally, the article surveys the insights gained from the socio-legal studies of the Hungarian Roma minority over the last two decades. It highlights the inspiring results of legal anthropological studies, and also the difficulties contemporary research has to face.
This article offers a case study from the “law and literature” perspective implying the presentation of the legal material of the Pusoma case, the drama written from it by Elemér Magyar, the documentary fi lm made from the case by Norbert Komenczi, and the film adaptation of the drama directed by Ragályi Elemér. The study concludes with indicating the directions of the further multidisciplinary studies involving literary studies, forensic linguistics, legal anthropology, criminology and legal sociology.
This study offers a brief review of the main research directions and issues in the archaeology of identity. Discussed here are the components of identity – meaning the statuses and roles that determine the individual’s relation to, and membership in, a community as well as to other individuals, which are essentially the elements of social cohesion and social organisation – and its formation as well as the various options for categorisation and the modes of display through cultural memory and material culture.
The critical assessment of the legacy of socialist jurisprudence is amongst one of the most difficult tasks of the post-transitory Central-European legal thinking. This study provides a critical reading of the findings of Hungarian socialist legal sociology with respect to the description and analysis of the socialist legal culture. The discussion starts with the first comprehensive empirical survey on the legal knowledge of the population, designed and carried out by Kálmán Kulcsár in 1965 and ends with András Sajó’s synthesis on the nature of the Hungarian socialist legal culture elaborated in his monograph entitled Illusion and Reality in Law, published in 1986. The paper’s main conclusion is that this two decades long ‘golden age’ of Hungarian legal sociology offers many valid points in both methodological and substantive terms contrary to the fact that the various findings were mainly elaborated under the pressure of official Marxism-Leninism.
The paper presents a study of a Lower Carboniferous (Visean) clastic sequence commonly called Bobrikovsky Formation, deposited in the Volga-Ural Petroleum Province, Orenburg Region. Our investigation included sedimentological description of core samples from hydrocarbon wells and well log correlations. Facies were identified by well log patterns and calibrated by core sedimentology. The Bobrikovsky Formation is proposed to be interpreted as an overall transgressive-regressive succession in a nearshore-tidal environment. Transgressive lagoon-estuary and barrier island facies became regressional lagoon fill-type settings.
Due to the global oil price crisis in 2014, one of the MOL's preventive/reactive measures was to identify geologically or commercially risky elements within their portfolio. This involved reevaluation of all geologic data from Field A in the Volga-Urals Basin. In re-evaluating Field A, several unexpected challenges, problems and pitfalls were faced by the interdisciplinary team performing the task of building a new database, quality checking, and interpreting data dating back to 1947. To overcome these challenges related to this mature field, new approaches and fit-for-purpose methods were required in order to achieve the overall goal of obtaining a reliable estimation of remaining hydrocarbon potential. In the first phase a first-pass 3D geologic model was constructed, along with wrangling, cleaning and interpreting 70 years of subsurface data. This paper focuses on the main challenges involved in evaluating or reevaluating reservoir aspects of a mature field.
The primary challenges were related to the estimation of remaining in-place hydrocarbon volumes, the optimization of infill well placement, the identification of primary and secondary well targets, the identification of critical data gaps, and the planning of new data acquisitions. The hands-on experience gained during the development of the geologic model provided invaluable information for the next steps needed in the redevelopment of the field.
Extracellular proteinase production induced by carbon starvation was studied in a series of heterotrimeric G protein signaling pathway mutants of
. All the mutants tested — including Δ
), ΔsfaD (G
), ΔgpgA (G
) and ΔsfgA (regulator of FadA signaling) — showed an elevated proteinase production after glucose depletion. Our results strongly support the view that during growth, FadA/SfaD/GpgA G protein signaling inhibits proteinase production
subunits, and all conditions, which are not sufficient to support vegetative growth and, hence, inhibit this type of G protein signaling, elevate extracellular proteinase activities.