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  • Author or Editor: István Zalai-Gaál x
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The author searches answers for chronological questions of the Complex of Polgár (Bodrogkeresztúr and Hunyadihalom cultures) that existed in the second half of the 5th millennium BC in the eastern parts of the Carpathian basin. The work is based on 47 cemeteries that supplied sufficient material for the analysis. Methodology was provided by metrical analysis and seriation of 818 dish types and 577 graves. Artificial periods (“künstliche Perioden”) and the phases of cemetery usage (“Belegungsphasen”) were identified both in the particular cemeteries and in the five analyzed regions. As a result of the analyses, we may identify three phases of development of the Polgár complex cemeteries (Formenkreis 1=Tiszapolgár, Formenkreis 2=Tiszapolgár- Bodrogkeresztúr, Formenkreis 3=Bodrogkeresztúr, with the features of the ceramics from Hunyadihalom). Thus, the two groups that had been differentiated so by their ceramics (Tiszapolgár and Bodrogkeresztúr), in fact existed in the same time period and in geographical proximity.

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This study investigates the relative chronology of the Late Copper Age Baden culture by analysing the pottery of the largest known cemeteries (Alsónémedi, Budakalász, Fonyód-Bézsenypuszta, Balatonlelle-Felső Gamász, Pilismarót-Basaharc and Mezőcsát-Hörcsögös). Altogether 611 ceramic finds from 253 graves were involved in the research. The results presented here are preliminary; all the known Baden cemeteries will be processed in the future.

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Zur relativen Chronologie der Lengyel-Kultur im westlichen Karpatenbecken

Präliminarien zur Bayes’schen Analyse der Radiokarbondaten

Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
István Zalai-Gaál
Anett Osztás
, and
Krisztina Somogyi

The authors analyse the chronological issues of the Late Neolithic — Early Copper age at the Western part of the Carpathian Basin. The primary aim of this study is to determine the relative chronological position of Lengyel Culture graves excavated at site Alsónyék-Bátaszék, as well as to present the various ceramics types. These investigations are considered to be a preliminary study for a Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates, through which the absolute chronological status of the Lengyel cemetery at Alsónyék will be possible to learn in the near future.

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