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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Katarzyna Paździor-Czapula
,
Joanna Fiedorowicz
, and
Iwona Otrocka-Domagała

Abstract

This study presents a case of a primary hepatic myofibroblastic tumour in a 15-year-old European Shorthair female cat. The cat showed a gradual increase in liver enzymes (alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase), and an abdominal ultrasound revealed a tumour located within the left lateral lobe of the liver. The tumour was surgically excised and sent for histopathology. Histopathological examination showed that the tumour was composed of homogeneous fusiform cells with low mitotic count, crowded within the perisinusoidal, portal and interlobular spaces, and entrapment of hepatocytes and bile ducts. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the tumour cells expressed vimentin and α-SMA, and were negative to desmin and cytokeratins. Based on the histological and immunohistochemical features, as well as some similarities with analogous entities in humans and animals, the tumour was classified as a myofibroblastic neoplasm originating from the liver.

Open access
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Izabela Janus
,
Marcin Nowak
,
Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak
,
Rafał Ciaputa
,
Małgorzata Kandefer-Gola
,
Urszula Pasławska
,
Rafał Sapierzyński
,
Wojciech Łopuszyński
, and
Iwona Otrocka-Domagała

Primary heart tumours affect less than 1% of dogs. Due to their rare incidence, every research showing the frequency of cardiac tumours is valuable. Routine diagnostics is often complemented with immunohistochemical analysis. This study was conducted on 110 patient records from all veterinary faculties in Poland from dogs diagnosed with heart tumours between 1970 and 2014. The dogs’ age, breed and sex with tumour localisation and histopathological diagnosis were analysed. Because of its most common incidence, samples of haemangiosarcoma underwent further examination with assessment of the expression of cell markers that have not been evaluated earlier (i.e. minichromosome maintenance proteins and beta-catenin). We noted 111 tumours including 88.3% malignant and 10.8% benign ones. Haemangiosarcoma and aortic body tumour were the most frequent cardiac neoplasms in the dogs examined (45.9% and 27.9% of all tumours, respectively). Immunohistochemical analysis of haemangiosarcoma showed a positive expression of all markers examined. CD31, vimentin, and beta-catenin showed a positive reaction in all 11 samples examined. At least one proliferative marker (Ki-67, MCM-3 or MCM-7) showed a positive reaction in each sample. MCM-3 showed a higher expression than the two other proliferative markers (P = 0.006), but only Ki-67 showed a positive correlation with the mitotic index (P > 0.05, r = 0.89). Although beta-catenin, MCM-3 and MCM-7 showed a positive reaction in the haemangiosarcomas examined, their usefulness as diagnostic and prognostic factors should be a topic of further research.

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