The aim of this study is to evaluate a Late Bronze Age (Ha A–Ha B1) “assemblage” in the collection of the MoD Military History Institute and Museum (Budapest). It consists of significant defensive (greaves, conical helmet) and offensive weapons (a flange-hilted sword with a mount of the sheath) as well as a Fuchsstadt type cup, three flange-hilted knives, a wagon model part and several other unidentifiable sheet bronze fragments. According to the museum’s inventory book, the objects in question were acquired in the 1990s. Unfortunately, their find-spot and find circumstances have not been recorded. Nevertheless, the results of the macroscopic examination and the typo-chronological analysis suggest that the artefacts probably buried together as parts of an East Central European (perhaps Hungarian) hoard or grave assemblage.
The present study discusses five Bronze Age sandstone casting moulds from the Hatvan-Strázsa-hegy tell (Hungary, Heves County), which have been acquired by the Ministry of Defence Institute and Museum of Military History in the 1990s. One of the moulds is a semi-finished product, showing a negative of a dagger hilt pommel. The other four moulds were suitable to cast large triangular-shaped dagger blades and they can be arranged into two pairs, based on their dimensions and the outlines of their negatives. According to macroscopic observations, these finds have been used for a period of time, proving that advanced metallurgy was present on the Strázsa-hegy site during the Rei. Br. A. Besides they provide a chance for an evaluation of these significant objects that do not abound in parallels. The main goal of this paper is to discuss and reconstruct the life-cycle of daggers, based on macroscopic data obtained from the moulds and their parallel finds.
Authors:János Gábor Tarbay, Zoltán Kis, and Boglárka Maróti
The following study deals with a looted metal sheet artefact probably originating from the Balkan region. Our main goal is to give a preliminary technological characterization of the object by the aid of four different analytical methods (macro- and microscopic observations, Neutron and X-ray Radiography, X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy). Using these different techniques together allowed us to characterize this complex metal sheet object more precisely than it would have been possible by traditional archaeological methods. According to our results, it seems that the technological characters of the artefact (e.g. the manufacturing technology, decorations, repair marks) are very similar to the metal sheet cauldrons of the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age.