Cognitive sciences have conquered a vast area of the humanities in the last few decades, some of the are regarded as a special branch of the disciplines concerned, such as cognitive musicology. It is a synthesis of various disciplines. Cognitive methods have done a great deal in the direction of a holistic approach. The neuroscience comes to the aid of musicology, it can do more than suggest a cognitive approach it the usual sense. It paves the way for a holistic method, where music as a whole is related to the body as a whole. The results of scholars from various subject fields lead to researches into the relationships between human and musical gestures, and to human and musical behaviour patterns. Not the least component is the character of sound productions, analysable by sound spectography.