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Abstract  

Divalent transition metal nitroprussides form a family of microporous materials which lose their crystallization water (coordinated and zeolitic) below 100°C and then remain stable up to above 150°C. The dehydration process of representative samples in their stable phases was studied by thermo-gravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The copper complex dehydrates in a single step through a practically irreversible process. For cadmium and cobalt complexes the water evolution on heating takes place in two stages. The first one, where only zeolitic waters are removed, is dominated by a diffusion mechanism while, during the loss of the strongly bonded waters (second stage) the material framework effect is added. The involved activation energy and its dependence on the conversion degree were estimated evaluating the thermo-gravimetric data according to an isoconversion model.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: J. Galán, J. Del Castillo, A. González-Pérez, V. Fuentes-Vázquez, and J. Rodríguez

Abstract  

The specific conductivities of dodecylpyridinium chloride have been determinated in water-butanol/pentanol/hexanol solutions in the temperature range of 10 to 35C, and butanol, pentanol and hexanol concentrations up to 0.05 mol kg–1. From these data the temperature dependence of the critical micelle concentration, (cmc), was determined. The molar fraction of alcohol in the micelle was estimated using the theory suggested by Motomura et al. for surfactant binary mixtures. The standard Gibbs free energy of solubilization of alcohols in the micelles was worked out using the phase separation model.

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