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  • Author or Editor: J. Dong x
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Abstract  

A numerical program has been written to treat a heat-flux DSC. The model operates in two modes. In the first,experimental data is used as input and the enthalpy is calculated as a function of the sample temperature rather than the sample thermocouple temperature. This allows accurate enthalpies and transition temperatures to be obtained without smearing. In the second mode, enthalpy is used as an input and the responses of the calorimeter are calculated. Using this mode it is possible to investigate the effects of sample size, heating rate and alloy composition. Non-equilibrium effects and difficulty in nucleation can also be included.

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Abstract  

In this paper problems associated with a conventional heat-flux DSC are discussed. A single pan calorimeter has been designed and built which eliminates many of the errors that occur in a conventional DSC. It was found that: enthalpy changes and heat capacity were repeatable to better than1%; the apparent latent heat and heat capacity did not depend on specimen size or significantly on rate of heating as often occurs in a two-pan heat-flux DSC; during the melting of pure Al, more than 80% of the latent heat was evolved over a temperature of 0.04 K; in alloys, separate heat capacity peaks for different reaction less than 1 K apart were resolved.

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Abstract  

The complexation of aliphatic alcohols by α- and β-cyclodextrins and their partially methylated derivatives has been studied by means of calorimetric titrations in aqueous solution. The methyl substituents have no pronounced influence upon the complex formation. α-Cyclodextrin and the partially methylated derivative form with only few exceptions more stable than β-cyclodextrin. With increasing chain length of the alcohols the values of the stability constants and reaction enthalpies increase in case of the complex formation with α-cyclodextrin and partially methylated α-cyclodextrin. In contrast the complex formation becomes disfavoured by the reaction entropy with an increasing number of methylene groups. The values of the reaction enthalpies with the β-cyclodextrins are close to zero. Thus the complexation is only favoured by entropic contributions.

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Abstract  

The sorption behavior of technetium on pyrrhotine was studied with batch experiments and diluted sulfuric acid (less than 2.88 mol/l) was used to dissolve the technetium adsorbed on pyrrhotine. A significant sorption of technetium on pyrrhotine was observed under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, and the sorption on the mineral was supposed to be due to the reduction of TcO4 - to insoluble TcO2 .nH2O. Sorbed technetium on the mineral could be desorbed by diluted sulfuric acid. The maximum desorption ratio under aerobic conditions was much higher than that of under anaerobic conditions, meanwhile, the desorption rates under anaerobic conditions were higher than that of under aerobic conditions in the initial stage of the experiments.

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Abstract  

The two complexes, [RE(Gly)4(Im)(H2O)](ClO4)3(s)(RE = Eu, Sm), have been synthesized and characterized. The standard molar enthalpies of reaction for the following reactions, RECl3·6H2O(s)+4Gly(s)+Im(s)+3NaClO4(s) = =[RE(Gly)4(Im)(H2O)](ClO4)3(s)+3NaCl(s)+5H2O(l), were determined by solution-reaction colorimetry. The standard molar enthalpies of formation of the two complexes at T = 298.15 K were derived as Δf H m Θ {Eu(Gly)4(Im)(H2O)}(ClO4)3(s)} = = −(3396.6±2.3) kJ mol−1 and Δf H m Θ {Sm(Gly)4(Im)(H2O)}(ClO4)3(s)} = −(3472.7±2.3) kJ mol−1, respectively.

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Abstract  

The glass formation and devitrification of GaF3-based glasses were studied by differential scanning calorimetry. A comparison of various simple quantitative methods to assess the level of stability of multicomponent fluoride glass systems is presented. Most of these methods are based on critical temperatures. In this paper a new parameter k b(T) is added to the stability criteria. The stability of several GaF3-based glasses were experimentally evaluated and correlated with the activation energies of crystallization via this new kinetic criterion and compared with those evaluated by other criteria.

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Abstract  

The complexation of urea and some guanidinium derivatives by the ligands 15-crown-5, 18-crown-6, benzo-18-crown-6 and diaza-18-crown-6 in methanol has been studied by means of calorimetric titrations. The complex formation is mainly favored by entropic contributions. The number of solvent molecules released during the complex formation is responsible for the stability of the complexes formed.

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Eight malting barley cultivars were used to investigate the cultivar and environmental effects on grain protein components and the relationships between protein fractions and β -amylase or β -glucanase activity. The results showed there was a great variation for three protein fraction (albumin, hordein and glutelin) contents over cultivars and locations, and a distinct difference in each protein fraction content between the locations for a given cultivars. Correlation analysis indicated that β -amylase activity was significantly correlated with three protein fraction contents and there was a negative correlation between glutelin content and β -amylase activity, but β -amylase activity positively correlated with albumin or hordein content. Furthermore, there was a significant positive correlation between total protein content and β -glucanase activity, and we found the hordein and glutelin content did not show correlated with β -glucanase activity but the albumin content was a significantly negative correlation with β -glucanase activity.

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Abstract  

The energy of combustion of crystalline 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid in oxygen at T=298.15 K was determined to be -4795.91.3 kJ mol-1 using combustion calorimetry. The derived standard molar enthalpies of formation of 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid in crystalline and gaseous states at T=298.15 K, ΔfHm Θ (cr) and ΔfHm Θ (g), were -852.91.9 and -721.72.0 kJ mol-1, respectively. The reliability of the results obtained was commented upon and compared with literature values.

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Abstract  

By substututing99Mo for the Mo in the reconstituted MoFe protein, the nuclear quadrupole interactions (NQI) of99Mo have been measured using the perturbed angular correlations (PAC). Two well-defined electric quadrupole interaction parameters have been observed. The configuration of the M-Center of the MoFe protein is identified by the quadrupole couplign constant Q1(412(9)MHz) and the asymmetry parameter 1(0.49(5)). Other parameters, VQ2(1939(13)MHz) and 1(0.90(1)), may correspond to a deformation M—Center of MoFe protein.

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