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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: S. Landsberger, A. Simsons, J. Kramer, J. Drake, S. Vermette, B. Shuter and P. Ihssen

Abstract  

Instrumental neutron activation analysis has been successfully employed in three distrinct acid precipitation studies. These include the determination of ten (Al, Br, Ca, Cl, Cu, I, Mg, Mn, Na and V) elements in urban rainfall, elevated aluminum concentrations in acidified lakes and major ions (Ca, Cl, K, Mg and Na) in small-mouth bass kept in controlled pH environments. Quality control was assured by analyzing two certified standard reference materials prepared by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS 1643a) and National Research Council of Canada (hepatopancreas TORT-1 marine biological tissue).

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Abstract  

Determination of90Sr in nuclear fuel reprocessing solutions can be facilitated by a preparatory separation using analytical ion chromatography (IC). Furthermore, a novel acid suppression system is described which permits IC separation even in the presence of very strong (0.33M) acid. Following acid suppression (where needed), Sr2+ is concentrated and separated from most other solution components by selective adsorption on cation concentrator columns. Cation species retained on the concentrator columns with strontium are subsequently separated on a cation IC column. The Sr2+ peak aliquot is collected for subsequent radiostrontium analysis by liquid scintillation counting of the beta activity. Results have shown quantitative separation and recovery of strontium. The entire separation system is automated under computer control and is able to handle samples of large (500 ml) and small (l) sizes.

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