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  • Author or Editor: J. Ghose x
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Abstract  

The thermal stability of the solid solutions of Fe2Mo1–xTixO4 for x=0.0 to 1.0 in air, had been investigated in the temperature range 303–1173 K using differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetry (DTA and TG). The products obtained by heating the sample in air, at different temperatures, have been characterized by X-ray diffraction and IR-studies. The results show that all the ferrite samples undergo surface oxidation during initial heating. On heating to 823 K, the samples undergo oxidation of the octahedral site cations only and forma cation deficient spinel phase. On further heating in air, the ferrites undergo complete oxidation.

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Abstract  

The extraction of radium and barium into a mixture of 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzoylpyrazol-5-one (HPy) and trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) in n-hexane or cyclohexane was investigated as a function of pH and TOPO concentration. It was found that the synergistic enhancement of the extraction is caused by the formation of mixed complexes of type M(Py)2 (TOPO)3 and the overall extraction constants of both complexes were calculated.

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Thermal studies on aluminium substituted copper chromite spinel oxide, CuCr2−xAlxO4 (x=0.2 tox=0.8) by DSC show that with 20% replacement of Cr by Al, the phase transition temperature of the spinel is lowered but on further increasing the percentage of Al the phase transition temperature becomes higher than that of CuCr2O4. The enthalpy change for phase transition however decreases gradually with increasingx.

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Thermal studies on CuCr2O4 spinel indicated the phase present above 870 K to be cubic CuCr2O4. However, when the substance was quenched from 1023 K, 1173 K, 1273 K and 1473 K, only the tetragonal phase of CuCr2O4 was obtained. This is because the first-order, diffusionless, tetragonal to cubic phase transition at 865 K occurs reversibly at a very fast rate. Thec/a ratio for CuCr2O4 present in the various quenched samples did not change when the quenching temperature was raised. A strong preference of the Cr3+ ion for the B site prevents it from interchanging sites with Cu2+ ions, thus keeping the lattice parametersc anda unchanged.

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